Is the U.S. Heading for the next "Roaring 20's" or "Great Depression"?
I recently read an interesting research article about how the US government handled the 1920-1921 depression. During this depression the US government did the exact opposite of what it is doing today. During the 1920-1921 depression the US had the following going on:
• High inflation (20%)
• High debt
• Unemployment rate of 11.7% at its worst
To counter act the above economic problems the US government did the following:
• Raised the discount rate to a record 7% by June of 1920
• Reduced its spending by 65% from 1919 to 1920 from $18 billion to $6 billion. By 1922 the US government budget had dropped to a little over $3 billion.
The US Government was obviously tight with their monetary policy during the 1920 depression. Can you imagine the government taking this stance during our current recession?
So what happened in the US after these government moves?:
• The CPI fell 16% from June of 1920 until June of 1921. Awesome!
• Unemployment fell to 6.7% within 1 year and was down to 2.4% by 1923.
• Roaring Twenties – best economic decade ever!
It makes perfect sense, what the government did during the 1920 depression. It follows Biblical wisdom. If you are in financial trouble you don’t spend and borrow more and print money out of thin air. In fact, that is probably the worst thing a government can do. But during the Great Depression the government did exactly that and here is what happened:
• Deflation only reached 11%, unlike the wonderfully healthy 16% from the 1920 depression.
• Unemployment went to 25%
• Worst economic decade in the history of America.
During the Great Depression the US government took a very loose monetary stance with money supply much like they are doing now. What are some aspects of today’s economic environment here in the US?
• Mortgage debt is reported to be 5 times the level of 20 years ago today. But home prices are only about 2 times the value they were, on average, in 1989.
• Shadow Stats has real unemployment at 22%.
• The Dow is down 80%, in gold terms, since 1999.
• The S&P 500 is lower than it was in March of 2000. 11 years = 0%.
• Yet optimism toward the US stock market is staggering as the dividend yield for the S&P 500 is only 1.76%. This is near historic lows.
God only knows exactly what will happen in this country following this last recession. The government’s actions have been less than wise but the LORD is exceedingly gracious and merciful. We may have a terrible decade like the 1930s. We may have 2 awful decades like the Japanese. It is doubtful that we will experience a time like the roaring twenties because we have not dealt with the current economic problems wisely and prudently, as we did in 1920. This is why I continue to recommend avoiding a buy and hold investing strategy of US stocks.
Eleven Two Fund Management is a financial planning and investment advisory firm that gives counsel from a Biblical worldview to clients in 16 states all over the US.
We are a fee-only firm and act as fiduciaries to our clients, meaning we put our clients interest above all others. We do not push funds that will pay us a good commission. We provide prompt high touch service to our clients and active management of their accounts.
Corporate Vision: To expand God’s Kingdom and His influence by the way we treat our clients and the advice that we give.
ETFM is a Registered Investment Advisor (RIA) and has clients in approximately 16 different states.
At ETFM, our mission is to provide personalized investment advice and coordinated financial planning that allows our clients to pursue what is most important to them. Thomas Cloud, Jr., president of ETFM, understands that every client has unique needs.
Eleven Two Fund Management
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