Press Releases by Category Health & Medicine

Subscribe to the RSS Newsfeed for this category
RSS Feed for Health & Medicine
Page 213 of 640
Polaris Market Research and Consulting
Blood Plasma Market – Leading Top Companies are Grifols, CSL Limited, Octapharma, Shire Plc, Bayer Healthcare AG, Biotest Pharmaceutical Corporation

Blood Plasma Market – Leading Top Companies are Grifols, CSL Limited, Octapharma, Shire Plc, Bayer Healthcare AG, Biotest Pharmaceutical Corporation

The Global Blood Plasma Market Size is anticipated to grow at an effective rate owning to the factors such as rising need for isolation of... more

Market Density
Global and United States SD-WAN Router Market Research by Company, Type & Application 2013-2025

Global and United States SD-WAN Router Market Research by Company, Type & Application 2013-2025

Market Segment as follows: By Type On-prem-only Cloud-enabled Cloud-enabled plus backbone By Application Residential Commercial By Company Cisco Meraki VeloCloud Riverbed CloudGenix Talari Viptela Peplink Versa Networks CloudGenix Nokia Nuage Citrix Silver Peak Fatpipe Riverbed Cradlepoint Aryaka Nuage Networks The main contents of the report including: Section 1: Product definition, type and application,... more

Graphical Research
Europe Self-Monitoring Blood Glucose Devices Market Outlook, Forecast & Major Industry Participants includes Abbott, All Medicus, ARKRAY, Inc., Bayer Pharmaceuticals, Dexcom, Johnson & Johnson, LifeScan, Medtronic.

Europe Self-Monitoring Blood Glucose Devices Market Outlook, Forecast & Major Industry Participants includes Abbott, All Medicus, ARKRAY, Inc., Bayer Pharmaceuticals, Dexcom, Johnson & Johnson, LifeScan, Medtronic.

The research report “Europe Self-Monitoring Blood Glucose Devices Market analysis based on Product, End-User, Industry Analysis Report, Regional Outlook, End-User Potential, Competitive Market Share &... more

Market Density
Global and United States Clinical Trial Packaging Market Research by Company, Type & Application 2013-2025

Global and United States Clinical Trial Packaging Market Research by Company, Type & Application 2013-2025

Market Segment as follows: By Type Metal Plastic Corrugated Fiber Paper Glass By Application Research Laboratories Drug Manufacturing Facilities Clinical Research Organization Others By Company Bilcare Limited Westrock Company Fisher Clinical Services Almac Group Limited Corden Pharma GmbH PAREXEL International Corporation, The Coghlan... more

marketstudyreport.com
Women Health Therapeutics Market Trends to 2023 Profiling Novartis, Pfizer, Eli Lilly, Bayer, Merck, Roche, Novo Nordisk, Abbott, Oasmia, Sanofi, Takeda, Allergan

Women Health Therapeutics Market Trends to 2023 Profiling Novartis, Pfizer, Eli Lilly, Bayer, Merck, Roche, Novo Nordisk, Abbott, Oasmia, Sanofi, Takeda, Allergan

MarketStudyReport.com adds New “Global Women Health Therapeutics Market by Manufacturers, Countries, Type and Application, Forecast to 2023” new report to its research database. The report... more

Market Density
Global and United States Cervical Traction Devices Market Research by Company, Type & Application 2013-2025

Global and United States Cervical Traction Devices Market Research by Company, Type & Application 2013-2025

Market Segment as follows: By Type Portable Type Mechanical Type Inflatable Type By Application Hospital Home Use By Company RS Medical ComforTrac DJO Magister Corporation Pettibon System Core Posture Pump PMT The main contents of the report including: Section 1: Product definition, type and... more

Polaris Market Research & Consulting
Major Key Players of Cryotherapy Market Report: CryoConcepts LP, Medtronic plc., Brymill Cryogenic Systems, Cortex Technologies, CooperSurgical, Inc., Cortex Technologies, Galil, Medical, Inc.

Major Key Players of Cryotherapy Market Report: CryoConcepts LP, Medtronic plc., Brymill Cryogenic Systems, Cortex Technologies, CooperSurgical, Inc., Cortex Technologies, Galil, Medical, Inc.

According to the new market research "Cryotherapy Market, [By Device Type (Cryoguns, Cryo Probes, Gas Cylinders, Cryo Chambers, Gas Pressure Gauges, Thermocouple Devices), By Therapy... more

Polaris Market Research & Consulting
To Key Players in Global Orthopedic Implants Market are Medtronic plc, Zimmer Biomet Holdings, Inc., Aesculap Implants Systems, DePuy Synthes, BioTek Instruments Inc., Conmed Corporation

To Key Players in Global Orthopedic Implants Market are Medtronic plc, Zimmer Biomet Holdings, Inc., Aesculap Implants Systems, DePuy Synthes, BioTek Instruments Inc., Conmed Corporation

According to the new market research " Orthopedic Implants Market, [By Application Type (Spinal Orthopedic Implants, Hip Orthopedic Implants, Knee Orthopedic Implants, Craniomaxxillofacial Orthopedic Implants,... more

WISE GUY RESEARCH CONSULTANTS PVT LTD

Imidacloprid Global Market 2018 Top Key Players – Bayer , Excel Crop Care , Rallis India , Atul Ltd , Nufarm , Punjab Chemicals & Crop Protection and Forecast to 2021

Global Imidacloprid Market WiseGuyRerports.com Presents “Global Imidacloprid Market Report 2018” New Document to its Studies Database. The Report Contain 117 Pages With Detailed Analysis. Description This Report covers... more

WISE GUY RESEARCH CONSULTANTS PVT LTD
Imidacloprid Global Market 2018 Top Key Players – Bayer , Excel Crop Care , Rallis India , Atul Ltd , Nufarm , Punjab Chemicals & Crop Protection and Forecast to 2021

Imidacloprid Global Market 2018 Top Key Players – Bayer , Excel Crop Care , Rallis India , Atul Ltd , Nufarm , Punjab Chemicals & Crop Protection and Forecast to 2021

Global Imidacloprid Market WiseGuyRerports.com Presents “Global Imidacloprid Market Report 2018” New Document to its Studies Database. The Report Contain 117 Pages With Detailed Analysis. Description This Report covers... more

Market Density
Global and United States Wall Panels Market Research by Company, Type & Application 2013-2025

Global and United States Wall Panels Market Research by Company, Type & Application 2013-2025

Market Segment as follows: By Type Metal PVC Wood MDF Others By Application Residential Commercial By Company Armstrong Construction Specialties Arper Hunter Doughlas USG Celenit Vicoustic Estel Caimi Buzzispace Eurocoustic Sancal OFFECCT Swedese Casalis Plexwood Ideatec Spigo Group Teak Story Planoffice Eterno Ivica SRL Adeco De Vormr The main contents of the report including: Section 1: Product definition, type and application,... more

Allied Market Research
Lithography Metrology Equipment Market 2018-2023 With Top Company Data: ASML, Advantest, Applied Materials, Carl-Zeiss SMT, Hitachi-High Technologies, Holon, KLA-Tencor, Nanometrics, and Nova

Lithography Metrology Equipment Market 2018-2023 With Top Company Data: ASML, Advantest, Applied Materials, Carl-Zeiss SMT, Hitachi-High Technologies, Holon, KLA-Tencor, Nanometrics, and Nova

In lithography metrology, initially, the needs of lithography that includes the dimensional characterization of it is defined. Further, the traditional measurement techniques for measuring fabricated... more

Allied Market Research
Endotherapy Devices Market Key Players : Hoya Corporation, Olympus Corporation, Stryker Corporation, Boston Scientific Corporation, Fujifilm Holdings Corporation

Endotherapy Devices Market Key Players : Hoya Corporation, Olympus Corporation, Stryker Corporation, Boston Scientific Corporation, Fujifilm Holdings Corporation

Endoscopy Devices Market is performed to examine abdominal pain, ulcers, digestive tract bleeding, and abnormal growths in the colon and other abdominal & gastrointestinal (GI)... more

Market Density
Global and United States Orthopedic Trauma Fixation Devices Market Research by Company, Type & Application 2013-2025

Global and United States Orthopedic Trauma Fixation Devices Market Research by Company, Type & Application 2013-2025

Market Segment as follows: By Type Metallic Fixators Bioabsorbable Fixators Others By Application Hospital Clinic Home By Company DePuy Synthes Orthofix Holdings Smith & Nephew PLC Stryker Corporation Zimmer Biomet Shanghai Puwei The main contents of the report including: Section 1: Product definition,... more

Allied Market Research
Interventional Cardiology and Peripheral Vascular Devices Market: Including Top Companies Abbott Laboratories, B. Braun Melsungen AG, Boston Scientific Corporation, C. R. Bard, Inc., Cardinal Health, Inc.

Interventional Cardiology and Peripheral Vascular Devices Market: Including Top Companies Abbott Laboratories, B. Braun Melsungen AG, Boston Scientific Corporation, C. R. Bard, Inc., Cardinal Health, Inc.

Interventional Cardiology and Peripheral Vascular Devices Market is estimated to garner $25,349 million by 2022, registering a CAGR of 9.7% during the period 2016-2022. Angioplasty... more

Allied Market Research
North America IVD Market Key Players : Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc., Alere Inc., Biomerieux, Danaher Corporation, F. Hoffmann-La Roche AG

North America IVD Market Key Players : Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc., Alere Inc., Biomerieux, Danaher Corporation, F. Hoffmann-La Roche AG

The North America IVD Market is accounted for $20,886 million in 2016, and is estimated to reach $27.820 million by 2023, growing at a CAGR... more

Market Density
Global and United States Skin Diagnostic Equipment Market Research by Company, Type & Application 2013-2025

Global and United States Skin Diagnostic Equipment Market Research by Company, Type & Application 2013-2025

Market Segment as follows: By Type Portable Stationary By Application Household Hospital Clinic Others By Company Heine Mela Sciences Michelson Diagnostics Welch Allyn The main contents of the report including: Section 1: Product definition, type and application, global and United States... more

Allied Market Research

Advanced Wound Care (AWC) Market Business Growth Statistics and Key Players Insights: 3M Company, Smith & Nephew plc, Coloplast A/S, Medtronic plc, Acelity L.P. Inc., Cardinal Health, Inc.

Asia-Pacific Advanced Wound Care (AWC) Market accounted for $1,658 million in 2017, and is expected to reach $3,655 million by 2025, growing at a CAGR... more

TMR Research
Immunotherapy Drugs Market - Granular Assessment of Insights 2025 | Merck & Co., Inc.

Immunotherapy Drugs Market - Granular Assessment of Insights 2025 | Merck & Co., Inc.

Global Immunotherapy Drugs Market: Snapshot Cancer immunotherapy requires the use of a body’s immune system to fight off cancer. The three types of immunotherapies available are... more

WISE GUY RESEARCH CONSULTANTS PVT LTD
Aramid Fiber Global Market 2018 Top Key Players – Regional Revenue Mix Of Major Market Players , E. I. Dupont Nemours & Co. , Teijin Ltd. , Yantai Tayho Advanced Materials Co. , Toray Chemicals South Korea Inc. and Forecast to 2021

Aramid Fiber Global Market 2018 Top Key Players – Regional Revenue Mix Of Major Market Players , E. I. Dupont Nemours & Co. , Teijin Ltd. , Yantai Tayho Advanced Materials Co. , Toray Chemicals South Korea Inc. and Forecast to 2021

Global Aramid Fiber Market WiseGuyRerports.com Presents “Global Aramid Fiber Market Report 2018” New Document to its Studies Database. The Report Contain 125 Pages With Detailed Analysis. Description With... more

Market Density
Global and United States Uveitis Treatment Market Research by Company, Type & Application 2013-2025

Global and United States Uveitis Treatment Market Research by Company, Type & Application 2013-2025

Market Segment as follows: By Type Posterior Uveitis Anterior Uveitis Intermediate Uveitis Panuveitis By Application Hospitals Clinics Others By Company Novartis Valeant Pharmaceutical International EyeGate Pharmaceuticals Alimera Sciences Santen pharmaceutical Bausch & Lomb Incorporated AbbVie Allergan Amdipharm Mercury Company pSivida Corp The main contents of the... more

Allied Market Research
Cardiac Surgical Devices Market Key Players : Edwards Life Science Corporation, Medtronic Inc., Getinge Group, Atrion Corporation, Abbott Laboratories, Sorin S.P.A.

Cardiac Surgical Devices Market Key Players : Edwards Life Science Corporation, Medtronic Inc., Getinge Group, Atrion Corporation, Abbott Laboratories, Sorin S.P.A.

Global Cardiac Surgical Devices Market accounted for $1,700 million in 2016, and is estimated to reach $2,124 million by 2023, growing at a CAGR of... more

Market Density
Global and United States Halal Meat Market Research by Company, Type & Application 2013-2025

Global and United States Halal Meat Market Research by Company, Type & Application 2013-2025

Market Segment as follows: By Type Pourtry Mutton Beef Others By Application Fresh Food Processed Food By Company Carrefour SA Nestle SA Isla Delice Tahira Foods Ltd. Tesco plc Casino Tariq Halal Reghalal Pure Ingredients Reinert Group Cleone Foods Eggelbusch Euro Foods Group Shaheen Foods Crown Chicken(Cranswick) Simons Ekol Halal-ash Tsaritsyno Hebei Kangyuan Islamic... more

Big Market Research
Hotel Industry In India Analysis ,Growth | Drivers & Challenges and Trend | Competitive Landscape.

Hotel Industry In India Analysis ,Growth | Drivers & Challenges and Trend | Competitive Landscape.

Global market intelligence firm, Netscribes, Inc. released its latest report on the Hotel Industry in India 2014'. Get Sample Report :http://bit.ly/2EYLTsr With Indian tourism and hospitality... more

Allied Market Research
Baby Ddrops Market by Type, Age, Product and Industry Forecast 2017-2023 by Key Players-Enfamil, Livol, Puria, Circon Pharma

Baby Ddrops Market by Type, Age, Product and Industry Forecast 2017-2023 by Key Players-Enfamil, Livol, Puria, Circon Pharma

Baby Ddrops is a purified vitamin D3 supplement for babies, specially manufactured for breastfed infants. These ddrops are tasteless and therefore don't interfere with feeding.... more

Allied Market Research
Philippines Wound Care Market Key Players : 3M Company, Smith & Nephew Plc., Coloplast A/S, Medtronic plc, Acelity L.P. Inc., ConvaTec Healthcare B S..r.l., Mlnlycke Health Care AB

Philippines Wound Care Market Key Players : 3M Company, Smith & Nephew Plc., Coloplast A/S, Medtronic plc, Acelity L.P. Inc., ConvaTec Healthcare B S..r.l., Mlnlycke Health Care AB

Philippines Wound Care Market size was valued at $41 million in 2015, and is projected to reach $64 million by 2022, registering a CAGR of... more

marketstudyreport.com
Therapeutic Respiratory Devices Market Share and Trend 2018-2024: Top Manufacturers are Breas Medical, Fisher & Paykel, GE Healthcare, Hamilton Medical, Hill-Rom, Inogen, Invacare, Medtronic, Philips Healthcare, Smiths Medical and Teleflex, Are Aircep Cor

Therapeutic Respiratory Devices Market Share and Trend 2018-2024: Top Manufacturers are Breas Medical, Fisher & Paykel, GE Healthcare, Hamilton Medical, Hill-Rom, Inogen, Invacare, Medtronic, Philips Healthcare, Smiths Medical and Teleflex, Are Aircep Cor

The 2018-2024 report on Global Therapeutic Respiratory Devices market explores the essential factors of Therapeutic Respiratory Devices industry covering current scenario, market demand information, coverage... more

Market Density
Global and United States Fibre Reinforced Polymer Pole Market Research by Company, Type & Application 2013-2025

Global and United States Fibre Reinforced Polymer Pole Market Research by Company, Type & Application 2013-2025

Market Segment as follows: By Type Pultrusion Filament Winding Centrifugal Casting By Application Power Transmission and Distribution Telecommunication Lighting Others By Company RS Technologies Inc. Creative Pultrusions, Inc. Valmont Industries Strongwell Composite Material Technology, LLC Elsewedy Electric Highland Industries Inc. Petrofisa do Brasil... more

Polaris Market Research & Consulting
Breast Implants Market - Comprehensive Study Explores Huge Growth in Future including Leading Key Players: Allergan Inc., Mentor Worldwide LLC, Sientra, Inc., Polytech Health &Aesthetic GmbH, Establishment Labs S.A., GC Aesthetics, Groupe Sebbin SAS., GG

Breast Implants Market - Comprehensive Study Explores Huge Growth in Future including Leading Key Players: Allergan Inc., Mentor Worldwide LLC, Sientra, Inc., Polytech Health &Aesthetic GmbH, Establishment Labs S.A., GC Aesthetics, Groupe Sebbin SAS., GG

Global Breast Implants Market, [by Implant Type (Saline Implant, Silicone Implant), by Shape (Round, Anatomical); by Application (Reconstruction Surgery, Cosmetic Surgery); by End Users (Hospitals,... more

The Insight Partners
Telehealth Market By Top Leading Players AMD Global Telemedicine, Inc., Philips Healthcare, Cisco Systems, Inc., Aerotel Medical Systems Ltd., Honeywell Life Care Solutions

Telehealth Market By Top Leading Players AMD Global Telemedicine, Inc., Philips Healthcare, Cisco Systems, Inc., Aerotel Medical Systems Ltd., Honeywell Life Care Solutions

An exclusive Telehealth Market research report created through broad primary research (inputs from industry experts, companies, and stakeholders) and secondary research, the report aims to... more

Polaris Market Research & Consulting
Cancer Pain Management Market Overview by Business Growth and Opportunities, Top Companies Profiles Pfizer Inc., Mallinckrodt Pharmaceuticals, Teva Pharmaceuticals, Johnson & Johnson Inc., Endo Pharmaceuticals, Eli Lilly Company, BioDelivery Sciences, Pro

Cancer Pain Management Market Overview by Business Growth and Opportunities, Top Companies Profiles Pfizer Inc., Mallinckrodt Pharmaceuticals, Teva Pharmaceuticals, Johnson & Johnson Inc., Endo Pharmaceuticals, Eli Lilly Company, BioDelivery Sciences, Pro

Global Cancer Pain Management Market, [by Pain Type (Acute Pain, Chronic Pain); by Drug Type (Opioid, Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, Aspirin, Corticosteroids, Anti-depressants); by Treatment (Immunotherapy,... more

Market Density
Global and United States Gold Metals Market Research by Company, Type & Application 2013-2025

Global and United States Gold Metals Market Research by Company, Type & Application 2013-2025

Market Segment as follows: By Type Pure Gold Color Gold Mixed Color Gold Others By Application Electronics Automotive Luxury Goods Others By Company AngloGold Ashanti Barrick Gold Freeport-McMoRan Newmont Mining Randgold Resources The main contents of the report including: Section 1: Product definition, type... more

The Insight Partners
Electronic Health Record (EHR) Market By Top Leading Players NextGen Healthcare (Quality Systems, Inc.), eClinicalWorks, GE Healthcare (General Electric Company), Allscripts Healthcare Solutions, Inc., McKesson Corporation

Electronic Health Record (EHR) Market By Top Leading Players NextGen Healthcare (Quality Systems, Inc.), eClinicalWorks, GE Healthcare (General Electric Company), Allscripts Healthcare Solutions, Inc., McKesson Corporation

An exclusive Electronic Health Record (EHR) Market research report created through broad primary research (inputs from industry experts, companies, and stakeholders) and secondary research, the... more

WISE GUY RESEARCH CONSULTANTS PVT LTD
Activated Carbon Global Market 2018 Top Key Players – Osaka Gas Co., Ltd., Cabot Corporation Calgon, Carbon Corporation, Kuraray Co. Ltd, Haycarb Plc and Forecast to 2021

Activated Carbon Global Market 2018 Top Key Players – Osaka Gas Co., Ltd., Cabot Corporation Calgon, Carbon Corporation, Kuraray Co. Ltd, Haycarb Plc and Forecast to 2021

Global Activated Carbon Market WiseGuyRerports.com Presents “Global Activated Carbon Market Report 2018” New Document to its Studies Database. The Report Contain 116 Pages With Detailed Analysis. Description The... more

Market Density
Global and United States Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) Market Research by Company, Type & Application 2013-2025

Global and United States Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) Market Research by Company, Type & Application 2013-2025

Market Segment as follows: By Type Pure PRP Leukocyte Rich PRP Leukocyte Rich Fibrin By Application Orthopedics Cosmetic Surgery & Dermatology Ophthalmic Surgery Neurosurgery General surgery Others By Company T-Biotechnology (T-LAB) Arthrex, Inc. Terumo BCT, Inc. EmCyte Corporation DePuy Synthes Zimmer Biomet Stryker Glofinn Oy DR.... more

The Insight Partners
Healthcare Mobility Solutions By Top Leading Players SAP SE, ZIH Corp, Cerner Corporation, Oracle, At&T, Cisco Systems, Inc

Healthcare Mobility Solutions By Top Leading Players SAP SE, ZIH Corp, Cerner Corporation, Oracle, At&T, Cisco Systems, Inc

An exclusive Healthcare Mobility Solutions Market research report created through broad primary research (inputs from industry experts, companies, and stakeholders) and secondary research, the report... more

HTF Market Intelligence Consulting Pvt. Ltd.
Hospital Linen Supply and Management Services Market looks to expand its size in Overseas Market

Hospital Linen Supply and Management Services Market looks to expand its size in Overseas Market

A new research document is added in HTF MI database of 117 pages, titled as 'Global Hospital Linen Supply and Management Services Market Report 2018'... more


previous releases previous releases
 
more releases more releases
All pages: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 213 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640