Main measures on the improvement of childrens life and the implementation of «The world fit for children» Plan of Actions
a) the documents were thoroughly studied on national and sub-national levels including districts and mahallahs to work out concrete proposals on ensuring the implementation of Declaration’s as well as the Plan Actions provisions;
b) with the aim of fulfilling the country’s obligations, stipulated in the Declaration, the strategy, priorities, national development plans have been worked out. Within their framework appropriate action programs (plans) on all government levels have been developed in the interest of and for the sake of Uzbek children’s well-being.
These programs include measures on counteraction to the contemporary risks for children such as being waif and social orphan, spreading out the drug addiction, toxicomania, alcoholism, violence against children, increasing the number of socially resulted diseases including tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS;
c) taking into account the country’s experience in the sphere, basic provisions of the Millennium Declaration (2000) and the document «The world fit for children» (2002)», proposals of the state-owned and non-governmental structures, public organizations and local communities (mahallahs and other lower structures), acting system of ensuring the children’s interests has been modernized, directions for all-out actions and principal benchmarks of improving the people’s welfare and children’s well-being have been established;
d) a midterm document on the Strategy of improving the well-being of the population of Uzbekistan in 2007-2010 includes subsection entitled «Children’s well-being». It sets forth the state policy priority directions in this sphere.
Accent, efforts and resources of state structures, nongovernmental, public organizations are aimed at implementing and further developing the accepted social programs, developing and carrying out new special programs of ensuring interests and development of children on national, regional and local levels by support of international financial and economic institutes.
Basic differences and features of action programs at all levels and their ideological base became of position, directions and specials goals stated in the recommendations of Committees of the United Nations on the rights of the child and elimination of discrimination against women; Millennium Declarations; the document «The world fit for children»; the program of cooperation «Uzbekistan-UNICEF» and a number of other documents;
e) together with the Representation office of the UNICEF in Uzbekistan it has been developed and are being realized a system of monitoring the achievement of the purposes of children’s well-being, which provides regular (on 33 – especially developed indicators) the system analysis on local, regional and national levels of implemented measures on ensuring interests of children, revealing available problems, developing and systematic implementing special actions, discussion of achievements and distribution of positive experience of mahallahs, districts and regions.
The implementation of the documents «The world fit for children», and (ЦРТ), Country Program of Cooperation that was implemented in 2000-2004 and still being carried out from 2005 to 2009 between the Government of the Republic of Uzbekistan and UNICEF plays an essential organizational-methodological role and make significant contribution to ensuring Uzbekistan children’s well-being.
It is necessary to mention that main specificity of all programs adopted by the Government and measures on improvement of well-being of children is their precise orientation on reception of high results on achievement of the Purposes of Development of the Millennium, adapted to conditions of Uzbekistan and realization of the Document, «The world fit for children», amplification of interaction of various structures in these processes, development of the local initiative and participation of the primary organizations.
As an example of a complex of the state and programs and the decisions adopted by the Government of Uzbekistan it is noteworthy to highlight the following:
«On additional measures for strengthening health of women and rising generations» dated February, 25th, 2002;
«On measures on the implementation of priority directions of raising the level of medical culture in family, strengthening health of women, births and education of a healthy generation» dated July, 5th, 2002;
«On introduction of the Regulation on of antenuptial medical examination of marrying persons» dated August, 25th, 2003;
«On the implementation of the project with participation of the Asian Bank of Development «Strengthening health of women and children» dated November, 2nd, 2004.
The decision of the President of Republic Uzbekistan dated August, 11th, 2005 №153 «On measures on the implementation of the National Program of fortification of a flour»;
The decision of the Cabinet of Republic Uzbekistan dated July, 9th, 2004 321 «On national program of reforming school education for 2004-2009» and others.
Uzbekistan twice submitted to the United Nations Committee on the Rights of the Child National Report on implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (in 2002 and 2006). The Government of Uzbekistan has developed the National Plan of Actions after receiving the Recommendations from the above mentioned Committee and realized it during 2002-2006. These days a National Program on ensuring of well-Being of children has been completed with taking account the Recommendations of the Committee after reviewing the Country’s Second Report, submitted in 2006.
During realization of the above said documents the work aimed on improving the health of fertile age women, widening an interval between childbirths, prevention of early and closely related marriages, undesirable pregnancy, improvement of professional skill of the medical staff, strengthening of material base of obstetrical and children's institutions, increase of knowledge of the population in the matters of reproductive health is carried out.
In all regions of the country the establishments, responsible for the initial medico-sanitary assistance, have arranged the medical surveys of the fertile age women and supplied women with contraceptives, in order to prevent undesirable pregnancy and widen an interval between childbirth.
The complex of measures for the Program “Mother’s and Child’s Screening”, directed to prevent the childbirth with the hereditary diseases, accompanying with intellectual backwardness as well as inspection of pregnant women is carried out in the Republic with the purpose of revealing anomalies of development of a child-bearing. The infrastructure and the system of the population screening completed by the modern medical diagnostic equipments and highly skilled staff have been created. 12 screening centers are functioning in the regions of the Republic.
Within the framework of the State Programs the cooperation is continuing with the WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA, USAID, JICA, KfW Bank, World Bank, Asian Development Bank on realization of such programs in the field of protection of motherhood and the childhood as: «Maintenance of Safe Pregnancy», «Increase of Efficiency of the Prenatal Care», «The Expanded Programme of Immunization», «Healthy Family», «Encouragement and Propagation of Chest Feeding», «The Integrated Conducting the Illnesses of Children's Age», «Improvement of Reproductive Health», «Preventive Maintenance Iron and Iodine Critical Conditions» and others.
Since 2003 UNICEF and JICA Joint Program on preventive measures of an anemia among mothers and children is being carried out. Within the framework of the Program 2.2 million children up to 5 years old receive two times annually the capsules of the Vitamin A. 32 maternity complexes and 19 rural medical aid posts of the Republic have received UNICEF Certificate «Establishment of the Friendly Relation to the Child».
«The National Program on Fortification of Flour», financed by the Global Alliance on improvement of nutrition, on a total sum of $2.8 million has been started since 2005 with the aim of realization of preventive measures on iron critical anemias among children and fertile age women.
According to the Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan "On Education" and the National Program on professional education, the State Policy on Education is realizing in the following forms: preschool education; the general secondary education; secondary special, vocational education; higher education; post high school education; upgrading the level of skills and retraining of personnel, out-of-school education.
Pre-school education aimed at formation of healthy and full-fledged individuality of a child, who is ready for study at school. It will be carried out up to six - seven years in the family, kindergarten and other establishments.
There are 6565 preschool establishments are functioning in the Republic, where the 571.1 thousand children or 22 % from number of children in such age group studying. More than 59 thousand paedagogical workers are occupied with their training and education.
Reforms of school provide two steps of the general secondary education: an elementary education (I-IV classes) and general secondary education (I-IX classes).
The elementary education is aimed on formation of the bases of literacy, knowledge and the skills, necessary for the general secondary education. The children go to the first class from six - seven years old.
9773 general education schools with a contingent of 5.7 million pupils are functioning in the Republic, 170 of which are the elementary schools, 3817 - nineyears, 5700 - the secondary education schools, 86 – specialized schools and boarding schools for children with physical and intellectual backward and others.
In the Republic equal opportunities are given to girls in the field of education. Training in general education schools and other educational establishments is not parted to sexual attributes - girls and boys are training together.
Children-orphans, children and teenagers who have lost care of parents are brought up in children's homes organized for them and comprehensive schools, boarding schools and contain on full state care. For children and teenagers requiring for long treatment general educational health improving sanatorium boarding schools have been organized.
For children and teenagers having lacks of physical or intellectual development, interfering training at usual school, special comprehensive schools and boarding schools are created.
28 houses "Mehribonlik" (Children's homes) for children-orphans and children who have stayed without care of parents have been organized in the Republic. 3037 children are brought up in such establishments.
In comparison with the last year the number of the children in Children's homes is being decreased. A priority of the State Policy in the given direction is de-institutization, encouragement of the measures on an establishment of trusteeship and guardianship by relatives and the persons replacing parents. In accordance with the Decree of the Government (2003) the foundation for financial support of the families which have taken care of children in families from establishments has been established.
«Mahalla» committees (local governing body) on places carrying out the activity on returning children to their biological families, in particular - on social - psychological rehabilitation and public influence on parents of children who have stayed in children's homes.
One of the important factors, aimed on improvement of quality of education, is the State National Program of Development of School Education (2004-2009) that envisages a big set of measures on:
- Strengthening and development of the infrastructure of general education schools;
- Provision of the schools by modern educational and laboratory equipments, computers, books and teaching materials;
- Improvement of methodic of teaching and learning programs;
- Improvement of professional skill of teachers, development of the system of their effective training and retraining; increasing a level of motivation of teachers.
A number of the organizational and practical measures, aimed at increasing of activity and effectiveness of job of inspectors on preventive measures against offences of minors, on prevention of the child neglect and offences among children and teenagers, on improvement of their interaction with the commissions on affairs of minors and agencies of national education and public health services, self-government institutions of citizens and various public organizations are carried out.
During 2002-2006 the officers of the Commission on affairs of minors under the Government, which activity is aimed on prevention offences and crimes among minors, influences of religious extremism on them, has visited all regions of the Republic with the purpose of studying efficiency of measures under the prevention of children's criminality and offences, and also for rendering the practical and methodical assistance to the appropriate divisions in realization of the activity incorporated in the National Plan of action on performance of recommendations of United Nations Committee on the Rights of the Child.
In 2005 in comparison with 2002 the number of the crimes committed by minors reduced on 12% and number of the teenagers participating in commitment of the crimes reduced on 10,1 %.
The number of the working teenagers, participate in commitment of the crimes, reduced on 36,2 %, the number of the nonworking teenagers and teenagers not attending school participated in commitment of crimes reduced on 9,6 %.
In order to increase the effectiveness of the activity on securing full-fledged social adaptation of children with the limited physical abilities, children from unsuccessful families or children without parents’ care, the Republican Center for social adaptation of children was established in 2004 by the decision of the Government of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
This Center together with the respective ministries and departments works on studying of problems of children from vulnerable groups, development and realization of recommendations for integration of children to the society, works with the staff on introduction of new high technologies of work with children, which need care, as well as introduction to the public consciousness the necessity of strengthening of care of children of the above mentioned category.
The Embassy of Uzbekistan
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Fax: 030 39 40 98 62
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