openPR Logo

Press Releases from Fact.MR (29159 total)

7.6% CAGR Anticipated for Baby Disposable Diaper Market During 2017 - 2022

The baby disposable diapers market research report focuses on several aspects which are present in the market and influence the growth of the global market. There are several benefits of the disposable baby diapers, to name a few, the disposable diapers offer ultra convenience, they have hypoallergenic properties and they also allow swift change. Also, the disposable incomes are increasing along with population. These factors also impact the growth of

Baby Training Nappy Diaper Market Estimated to Exhibit 6.4% CAGR through 2022

Baby training nappy diapers are used in the practice of elimination communication, a sort of communication that takes place between the caregiver and the infant in order to cater to the need of an infant to eliminate waste. This process is commonly known as potty training. Due to the practice of elimination communication, the infants are trained to urinate and defecate in an appropriate place. This process of elimination communication

Mass Beauty & Personal Care Products Market To Surpass A Valuation of US$ 294 Bn …

Personal care and beauty products for the masses are among the top consumer goods sold in the world. Manufacturers of mass beauty & personal care products are focused in keeping the traction of their offerings high while competing with high-priced premium product line. With advanced technologies in production of cosmetics, and rising use of organic materials, the global mass beauty & personal care products market is expected to witness a

Cardamom Oil Market will Register a CAGR of 3.8% through 2022

The rising awareness of cardamom oil in several end use industries such as cosmetics, personal care, healthcare, food and beverages, etc., has increased the horizon of the adoption of cardamom, and thereby, influenced the growth of the cardamom oil market on a global basis. The emerging use of cardamom oil in pharmaceutical industry, in order to treat muscle spasms, muscle pulls, and other antiseptic and anti-microbial uses, is increasing, and

Hair Grooming Market is Projected to Reach US$ 94,913 Mn by 2022: Fact.MR

The global hair grooming market is growing at a modest pace and the trend is likely to continue over the next couple of years. Desires of lustrous, healthy and smooth hair is driving the global sales of hair grooming products. Further, growing popularity of organic and herbal products is influencing the purchase decisions of a large number of customers across the globe. Increased emphasis on formulation of more efficient hair

Women’s Bicycle Market Projected to reach US$ 12.5 Bn by 2022

Increasing association of cycling activities with healthy lifestyles continues to promote the use of bicycles among consumers, particularly women. Hectic workloads, sedentary jobs and lack of outdoor exposure urge women to hop on their bicycles, and take a ride across the neighborhood, or even the countryside. Baskets attached at the front of women’s bicycles add that chic quotient which we miss in regular bicycles. Apart from being convenient than walking

Men’s Bicycle Market to Reach US$ 24,900 Mn by 2022

The latest study conducted by Fact.MR reveals that the global men’s bicycle market will witness a sluggish CAGR during the forecast period (2017-2022). Global demand for men’s bicycle is influenced by factors such as advancements in designs, and the introduction of advanced and high performance bicycles. In addition, governments in various countries are promoting and encouraging the adoption of bicycle in order to reduce traffic congestion and carbon emission. For

Apparel Accessories Market Forecast will Surpass US$ 89,500 Mn by 2022

The global market for apparel accessories is expected to witness a moderate growth over the next couple of years. Factors such as socio-political qualms and fluctuation in the global economy are hindering the sales of apparel accessories. Fact.MR projects that the global apparel accessories market will reach a valuation in excess of US$ 89,500 Mn by 2022-end, expanding at a moderate CAGR during the forecast (2017-2022). In addition, rapid inflow

Bottled Water Market Revenue is expected to reach US$ 200,000 Mn Over 2017 – 2 …

A recently published research by Fact.MR estimates the global market for bottled water to register an average CAGR during the forecast period (2017-2022). Revenues from the global bottles water market are anticipated to exceed US$ 200,000 Mn in revenues by 2022-end. Growth of the global bottled water market is being driven by the rise in healthcare awareness among people around the world about waterborne disorders such as diarrhea, food poisoning, malaria,

Antibodies Market Projected to reach US$ 3,000 Mn by 2022

Demand for antibodies is anticipated to remain steady across the globe in the foreseeable future. Rising occurrence of chronic diseases such as diabetes, cancer, and autoimmune conditions is prompting drug makers to shift their focus on further improvement of antibody-based products. Moreover, increasing prevalence of epidemic diseases as well as rising popularity of protein therapeutics is reflecting favourably on antibody-based drug sales worldwide. In developed regions such as North

Gas Chromatography Market Value to reach US$ 3,500 Mn by 2022

A recent research by Fact.MR estimates the global gas chromatography market to exhibit an above-average expansion through the forecast period 2017 to 2022. The global market for gas chromatography is expected to exceed US$ 3,500 Mn in revenues by 2022-end. There has been a significant surge in adoption of gas chromatography among industrial sectors such as oil & gas, agriculture, food & beverage, and healthcare. Gas chromatography is also being adopted

Operating Room Equipment Market Intelligence Research Reports for Actionable Ins …

Increasing prevalence of medical conditions has led to an upsurge in demand for surgeries in the healthcare sector. Growing need for minimally invasive surgeries is projected to impact the global growth operating room equipment market positively. Fact.MR has recently compiled a report, which states that the global market of operating room equipment is projected to register an impressive CAGR over the forecast period, 2017 – 2022. Factors Fuelling Global Market

Peptide Based Gastrointestinal Disorders Therapeutics Market to Surpass US$ 600 …

Drug makers are increasingly partnering with medical research centers and institutes to develop more effective peptide drugs. This, in turn, is projected to make a positively impact on the growth of the global peptide based gastrointestinal disorders therapeutics market in the near future. A recent study conducted by Fact.MR reveals that the global market for peptide based gastrointestinal disorders therapeutics is poised to exhibit a strong CAGR during the

Peptide Based Hematological Disorders Therapeutics Market Projected to reach US$ …

Peptide based haematological disorders therapeutics market is exhibiting robust growth. This is due to the fact that technology for the manufacturing of peptides is rapidly evolving, with manufacturers and suppliers exploring new methods for the manufacturing of peptides. This has a positive effect on the peptide therapeutics market and leads to the formation of longer and complex chain of peptides and reduced cost of production. In addition, due to the

Peptide Based Infection Therapeutics Market Value to reach US$ 1.5 Bn by 2022

Peptide therapeutic agents are novel solutions to treat infectious diseases. The peptide based infection therapeutics market is impacted by factors such as higher investment in healthcare industry, advancements in technologies, increase in biotech and pharmaceutical companies, the need for peptides to treat infections owing to the various advantages offered by peptides such as safety, reliability, stability, higher efficacy, cost effectiveness and easy synthesis due to small size, rising developments in

Peptide Based Metabolic Disorders Therapeutics Market Forecast will Surpass US$ …

Ongoing research and development activities have maintained their focus on treatments for human ailments. The peptide therapeutics is used to treat various ailments, one such being the metabolic disorders. The global peptide based metabolic disorders therapeutics market is positively impacted by factors such as efficacy, safety, innovations in drug discovery, easy synchronization, stability, etc. Moreover, in addition to these factors, certain economic aspects also fuel the growth of the global

Recombinant Protein Market Poised to Rake US$ 460 Mn by 2022

A new report published by Fact.MR estimates the global recombinant protein market to witness expansion at a moderate CAGR during the forecast period 2017 to 2022. Revenues from the global recombinant protein market will reach nearly US$ 460 Mn by 2022-end. Through genetic engineering, and cell engineering, recombinant protein are produced from creature body. The recombinant protein technology now stands at the edge of biotechnology production. Becoming the new standard, this

Automotive Interior LED Lighting Market to Reach US$ 670 million by 2022

Automotive manufacturers are seeking out new ways of differentiating their products in this era of cutthroat competition and an effective way to do so is with automotive interior LED lighting. The automotive interior LED lighting market is characterized by a small number of companies with high barriers to entry. Although consumers have shown a preference for Interior LED lighting, the high price of this technology acts as a major barrier

Global Deodorant Wipes Market Value to Increase to US$ 920 Mn by 2022

Due to the increasing concerns regarding health and hygiene amongst the consumers the market for deodorant wipes is experiencing a steady growth throughout the world. Also, deodorant wipes are getting popular in different regions of the world due to the fact that they provide freshness and a feeling of refreshment. They are also gaining popularity for cleansing the armpits by preventing the spread of bromhidrosis-causing bacteria. Due to the fast
08-28-2017 | Health & Medicine
Fact.MR

Cell Lines Market Value to Increase to US$ 140 Mn by 2022

Cell lines are used in research and biologics and used in drug discovery, molecular biology, biochemistry, cell biology etc. The global cell lines market is influenced by several advantages that the cell liens offer, which include ease in use, cost effectiveness, as well as they provide pure cells which are needed to obtain reproducible results along with consistent samples. Moreover, the growing technological developments in the healthcare industry, new innovations
08-28-2017 | Health & Medicine
Fact.MR

Peptide Based Cancer Therapeutics Market is Anticipated to Grow US$ 11,100 Mn by …

Popularity of peptide based cancer therapeutics is on the rise, owing to the positive outlook on their efficiency in treating cancer. According to the latest report published by Fact.MR, the global market for peptide based cancer therapeutics is set to reflect an above average CAGR during 2017 to 2022, to reach a valuation in excess of US$ 11,100 Mn. Incessant development in drug modification, stability, delivery and preclinical achievements is
08-28-2017 | Health & Medicine
Fact.MR

Vaccine Delivery Devices Market to Spread a Predictable Worth of US$ 4,000 Mn by …

Growing prevalence of medical diseases and infections is projected to rev up demand for vaccine devices in the healthcare sector. Manufacturers are increasingly witnessing demand for vaccine delivery devices due to increase in number of diabetic patients globally. Fact.MR has recently compiled a report, which reveals that the vaccine delivery devices market globally is projected to reflect an impressive CAGR over the forecast period, 2017 – 2022. Request For Sample Report
08-28-2017 | Health & Medicine
Fact.MR

Global Veterinary Imaging Systems Market Poised to Account for US$ 2,000 Mn by 2 …

According to a recently published research by Fact.MR, the global veterinary imaging systems market is projected to expand at an impressive CAGR during the forecast period 2017 to 2022. Sales of veterinary imaging systems will account for over US$ 2,000 Mn revenues by 2022-end. Adoption of Veterinary Imaging System Results into Reduced Cost of Diagnosis In order to care proper care of companion animals, demand for veterinary imaging instruments has been witnessing

Mozzarella Cheese Market is Expected to Witness Significant Growth of US$ 22,000 …

Growing need for protein and calcium rich food products has led to an upsurge in demand for mozzarella cheese among food manufacturers. However, increasing number of health conscious people fat free food products. Due to such factors, the global market of mozzarella cheese is projected to witness a slowdown in growth in the upcoming years. A recently compiled report by Fact.MR reveals that the global mozzarella cheese market is projected

Refined Cane Sugar Market Poised To Surpass US$ 54,800 Mn by 2022 - Fact.MR

The global consumption of refined cane sugar is on the rise. Fact.MR’s latest study on the global refined cane sugar market reveals that increased use of these sugars in various food and beverage items will continue to drive its sales across the globe. As per the study, the market is set to surpass a valuation of US$ 54,800 Mn, riding at a moderate CAGR over the forecast period (2017-2022). Increasing

Sparkling Wine Market is Anticipated to Increase to US$ 43 Billion by 2022

Rapid growth in emerging economies has culminated in a rise in per-capita disposable income and changing customer tastes and preferences. However, people have become well-aware of the ills of excessive alcohol consumption in ‘binge-drinking’ fests. Therefore, they are seeking out beverages with a lower alcohol content and the sparkling wine market is perfectly placed to reap the benefits of this shift in consumption pattern. Sparkling wine is equally desired by

Motorcycle Filter Market to Record an Impressive Growth Rate of US$ 3,200 Mn by …

The global motorcycle filter market is forecasted to demonstrate a steady CAGR during the forecast period of 2017 to 2022 as per the latest research report released by Fact.MR. The report estimates that the revenue from the global motorcycle filter market will garner over US$ 3,200 Mn value by the end of 2022. Engine oil is a necessary additive to the internal combustion engine in order to ensure proper lubrication of

Spearmint Oil Market Value is Expected to Increase to US$ 454.4 Mn in 2022

Growing prevalence of indigestion and respiratory problems has led to a robust demand for spearmint oil in the healthcare industry. Attributed to health-related benefits, spearmint oil is likely to witness an upsurge in demand among the personal care and cosmetic product manufacturers. Such factors are likely to impact the global market positively. According to a recent report published, the global spearmint oil market will register a steady CAGR growth over

Sunflower Oil Market is Estimated to be Valued at US$ 11 Million by 2022

Increasing prevalence of cardiac diseases has led to an upsurge in demand for sunflower oil in the healthcare industry globally. Expansion of e-commerce will further impact growth of the global of sunflower oil market positively. According to the report, the global sunflower oil market will register a steady CAGR growth over the forecast period, 2017 – 2022. Market Dynamics Growing prevalence of cardiac diseases, asthma, and arthritis has revved up demand for

Argan Oil Market is Appraised to be Valued US$ 6,000 Mn by 2022

According to a new report by Fact.MR, the global argan oil market is projected to register a moderate CAGR during the forecast period (2017-2022). Revenues from the global market for argan oil are estimated to exceed US$ 6,000 Mn by 2022-end. Manufacturers in the global argan oil market are focusing on improvements in production capacity and extraction of argan oil. Global leaders in the argan oil market are concentrating on adoption

Coconut Oil Market is Anticipated to Register at a Healthy CAGR of 3.9% by 2022

Coconut oil has a number of health benefits that boost the appeal of this tropical fruit. Coconut oil is used to nourish the hair, moisturize skin, aid digestion, improve mental performance, boost hormone production, and provide fats to the body. However, coconut oil has to compete with other extracts of this multi-purpose fruit such as coconut water and coconut sugar. The dwindling supply of the fruit has certainly taken its

Green Pepper Market Expected to be Valued US$ 486 Mn by 2022

Global production of green pepper has been steadily expanding over the past couple of years due to its growing application in the food and beverage sector. Compared to white and black pepper, green pepper has a lower penetration. Green pepper is usually available in either brine or vinegar mixture that prevents it from getting spoiled. However, pure form of green pepper is also popularl consumed in many countries. The product

Canola Oil Market expected to grow at a CAGR of 3.2% during 2017 to 2022

Global canola oil market research report produced by Fact.MR focuses on the major aspects which drive the global market. The report is skillfully crafted and it includes extensive research considering a 3600 view of the market taking into consideration all the angles, making the study more credible and vital in terms of assessing market opportunities, trends, etc. There are several aspects which fuel the adoption of canola oil, thereby raising

OTC Analgesics Market to Reach US$ 25,000 Mn by 2022: Fact.MR

The global OTC analgesics market is projected to register an above-average CAGR during 2017 to 2022. Global sales of OTC analgesics is estimated to account for nearly US$ 25,000 Mn revenues by 2022-end. The trend of using off-label drugs that are affordable and unapproved, but effective in treating diseases, has been witnessing an upsurge over the past few years. Various off-label drugs including tricyclic antidepressants, antihistamines, anticonvulsants, selective serotonin reuptake

Phototherapy Devices Market to Grow at a CAGR of 4.7% CAGR through 2022: Fact.MR

Increasing occurrence of skin disorders such as eczema and psoriasis across the globe coupled with technological advancement in phototherapy is projected to impact the overall sales of phototherapy devices in the near future. With the rise in number of patients having severe skin conditions, there has been a greater urgency of more advanced treatment modules. The arrival of cost-efficient and superior phototherapy equipment that run on LED technology is encouraging

Radiotherapy Devices Value to reach US$ 7 Bn by 2022: Fact.MR

With increasing risks of obtaining cancer treatment through chemotherapy, patients as well as medical professionals are turning towards radiotherapy as a sought-after oncological treatment for cancers. The Fact.MR report on global market for radiotherapy devices predicts that towards the end of 2022, more than US$ 7 Bn worth of devices will be sold across the globe, reflecting a stellar CAGR. Following insights from the report will offer a comprehensive outlook

Bergamot Oil Market Projected to reach US$ 29.7 Mn by 2022

The global bergamot oil market is forecasted to demonstrate a moderate CAGR during the forecast period of 2017 to 2022 as per the latest research report released by Fact.MR. The report estimates that the revenue from the global bergamot oil market will reach US$ 29.7 Mn in the year 2022. The wide ranging benefits of Bergamot oil have made it popular amongst the consumers across all the regions of the world

OTC Vitamins and Dietary Supplements Market Forecast Will hit at a CAGR of 6.7% …

According to the recently conducted study by Fact.MR, the global market for OTC vitamins and dietary supplements market is set to expand at 6.7% CAGR during the forecast period (2017-2022) to surpass a valuation of US$ 97,688 Mn. OTC vitamin and dietary supplement products. Over-the-counter (OTC) vitamins and dietary supplements are sold directly to consumers without any medical prescription. In many countries, OTC vitamins and dietary supplement products are regulated

Drone Market Forecast Will hit at a CAGR of 22.8% by 2017 - 2022

Drone or Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) are frequently used for carrying out military operations. Nonetheless, these unmanned aircrafts are also being increasingly used for undertaking non-military affairs owing to their groundbreaking aerial capabilities. Unlike the traditional aircraft, drones can fly for longer durations. Moreover, they come in various price rang depending on the features. Demand for drones has been significantly high in recent years. As per a study conducted by

Automotive Turbochargers Market will Surpass US$ 19 Bn Value by 2022

Automobile manufacturers from around the world are under pressure of stringent emission regulations. While these regulations may marginally differ from region to region, manufacturers are in no position to overlook them. Automotive turbochargers are devices that help automakers satisfy these emission norms before making their offerings commercial available in global automotive markets. The significance of automotive turbochargers is keeping automobile engines clean is driving their demand globally. Fact.MR’s latest report

Automotive Windshield Market Forecast will Surpass US$ 17,681.2 Mn by 2022: Fact …

The global automotive windshield market is expected to witness a steady rise at 5.2% CAGR during the forecast period 2017 to 2022, according to a recent study by Fact.MR. The report anticipates revenues from the global automotive windshield market to account for nearly US$ 14,000 Mn in 2017. By 2022, revenues from the market will reach US$ 17,681.2 Mn. The production and sales of vehicles, coupled with the vehicle parc have

Motorcycle Market to Reach US$ 150,000 Mn by 2022: Fact.MR

A rise in standards of living across developing economies, such as China, India and Indonesia, is expected to influence the growth in adoption of motorcycles in these regions. In addition, superior fuel efficiency offered by motorcycles as compared to automobiles, coupled with rapidly growing population will result into a higher demand for motorcycles in the near future. Developed countries are likely to witness higher sales, especially of medium and heavy

Bath & Shower Toiletries Market to Grow at a CAGR of 3.7% CAGR through 2022

Global bath and toiletries market is projected to witness a modest growth over the next couple of years. The market is expected to be impacted positively by rising awareness about skin care, especially in the Western countries where a large number of consumers are highly conscious about their skin and hair quality. As the global population continues to grow, demand for bath & shower toiletry products is expected to further

Oral Hygiene Market Forecast Will hit at a CAGR of 5.0% by 2017 - 2022

Dental caries, periodontitis, and gingivitis are some of the most common dental disorders that are prevalent across the globe. While cleaning and regular brushing of teeth is foremost for maintaining oral hygiene, undergoing monthly check-up is also suggested adherently by many dental experts. Demand for oral care products continue to surge, as consumers become more conscious about oral hygiene. According to Fact.MR’s latest report, the global oral hygiene market is

Colorectal Cancer Diagnostics Market to Reach US$ 2,000 Mn by 2022

The global colorectal cancer diagnostics market is anticipated to exhibit an impressive expansion at a CAGR of 8.5% during the forecast period 2017 to 2022, according to a report by Fact.MR. Global revenues from the market is projected to surpass US$ 2,000 Mn by 2022-end. According to the World Cancer Research Fund, colorectal cancer forms the third-most occurring type of cancer across the globe. In 2012, over 1 Mn cases of

OTC Cough, Cold & Allergy Medicines Market Forecast Will hit at a CAGR of 4.9% b …

A large number of people across the globe purchase OTC (over-the-counter) medicines for treating minor cough, cold or allergy related problems rather visiting the doctor. This has been a major reason behind the incessant sales of OTC cough, cold and allergy drugs. Many of the medicines for cold, cough and allergy fall under common categories of OTC. In order to ensure customer safety, healthcare regulatory bodies in some countries have

Snacks Market to Grow at a CAGR of 5.6% CAGR through 2022

The global snacks market is anticipated to register a steady expansion, according to the latest report by Fact.MR. The report estimates market revenues to increase at a steady rate during the forecast period. Currently, consumers are more concerned about their snacking habits. Earlier, snacks were considered to be stop-gap food between meals. At present, they are being consumed with meals across many developed economies. This has led to a higher adoption

Car Fuel Filter Market Forecast will Surpass US$ 435 million by 2022

The automobile industry is one of the most critical for any nation’s economic development which is why countries focus so much attention on it. Global carmakers have shifted their focus to emerging markets as the strong economic growth there has led to an increased desire for personal mobility. With a number of emission scandals dominating headlines in the last few years, customers would naturally be concerned with the quality of

Cosmetic Wipes Market Value to reach US$ 1,771.6 Mn by 2022

Global cosmetic wipes market is undergoing a steady growth due to various factors such as rapid population growth in the developing regions of the world and the rapid urbanization. Due to the fast paced lifestyle of today, consumers are opting for products that save their both time and energy and are convenient to use. It is in this context that global cosmetic wipes market is undergoing a steady expansion. There

Dishwashing Products Market Forecast will Surpass US$ 19.5 Bn by 2022

Dishwashing will continue to play a pivotal role in culinary businesses across the globe. However, the production of dishwashing detergents or machines is expected to witness impedance. Considering the rising raw material prices, manufacturing of dishwashing products is becoming less attractive. In addition to this, global industrial regulatory authorities are downgrading the use of dishwashing products as they are derived from toxic chemicals. While dishwashing products will serve the purpose

Go To Page: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 579 581 582 583 584