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SURFACTANTS

10-23-2017 12:45 PM CET | Advertising, Media Consulting, Marketing Research

Press release from: Chemequal

Surfactants are surface active agents that aids in the lowering of interfacial tension between two liquids or between a solid and a liquid. All detergents, emulsifiers, wetting agents, foaming agents and dispersants fall under the class of surfactants.

Surfactant molecules are amphiphilic in nature chrachterized by a long hydrophobic tail group and a polar hydrophilic head group .This allows surfactants to achieve solubility in both polar and non polar medium.

When added to water the surfactant molecules orient themselves in a manner such that the hydrophobic tail groups move away from water and the polar head group remains next to water and they form an aggregate called micelle. During cleaning of any substance all dirt, grease and oily matter get trapped among the micelle which can be dislodged later by application of small mechanical force.

Surfactants are classified according to the charge present on their polar head group.

• Cationic Surfactants bear a positive charge on their polar head
• Anionic surfactants hold a negatively charged polar group
• Amphoteric surfactants have both negative and positive charge on the polar group
• Non ionic surfactants contain neutral head group

Surfactants find application in a wide range of products like detergents, washing liquids and soaps, shampoos, fabric softener etc.

Mainly all detergents are anionic in nature the most common being Sodium Lauryl Sulphate. Many sulphonates, carboxylates and phosphonates based anionic surfactants are also used in detergents.

Cationic surfactants are usually not used in cleaners, they mostly find application as fabric softeners. These are mainly based on quaternary ammonium compounds having strong anti microbial properties and are widely used as hard surface disinfectants.

Non ionic surfactants do not dissociate into ions in aqueous medium. They find application as wetting agents, emulsifiers, cleaning agents etc. In many cases non ionic surfactants find preference over the ionic one which shows poor solubility and cleaning action in hard water. Non ionic surfactants have outstanding solvent property and possess high chemical stability .In health care sectors , textile industries ,agricultural sector and various other industries non ionic surfactants are used widely.

Amphoteric Surfactants are user friendly products. Mostly they are used along with anionic and cationic surfactants to enhance their cleaning action. Due to their low toxicity and non irritant nature they are used in baby shampoos. In view of their low toxic quality and low irritation on the skin and eyes amid the use procedure and in addition high biodegradability, hard water resistance, emulsifying, scattering, wetting, foaming , and the high similarity with other surfactants, their applications in chemical, textiles, food, pigments etc. are on the rising side.

ChemEqual, the largest chemical marketplace gives the opportunity to buyer to compare and buy chemicals and equivalents. From Brewery Chemicals, to descaling chemical like Citric Acid Descaler, Sulfamic Acid Descaler or any other organic acids. Serving the Automobile Industry with a chemical for every step. From Coolant Corrosion Inhibitor to coolant additives like Fluoroscent Dye for leak detection. Rodine Acid Inhibitor protects the system from acid corrosion. Drinking Water Chemicals like Reverse Osmosis Chemicals, RO Antiscalant. Various glycol antifreeze starting from Monoethylene Glycol to Diethylene Glycol or Inhibited Ethylene Glycol, ChemEqual serves every industry.

ChemEqual
54 Hudson Ave, New York 12201, United States

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