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Phenol Restricted Under European Toy Safety Directive

05-17-2017 02:47 PM CET | Business, Economy, Finances, Banking & Insurance

Press release from: SGS

/ PR Agency: Sugarloaf Marketing

The European Union (EU) has published new restrictions on the use of phenol (CAS 108-95-2) in toys falling under Appendix C of Annex II in Directive 2009/48/EC, the so-called European Toy Safety Directive (TSD). Issued on May 4, 2017, Directive (EU) 2017/774 establishes two sets of limits for phenol:

• No more than 5 mg/L for migration from polymeric materials
• No more than 10 mg/kg for content when used as a preservative

These restrictions apply to toys for children aged less than 36 months, and other toys intended to be placed in the mouth.

In toys, phenol is used as:

• An antioxidant in polymers
• A monomer for phenolic resins in the manufacture of resin-bonded wood
• A preservative in toys containing water (water-based liquid toys) such as bubble-blowing products and felt-tipped marker pens

Phenol is listed as a mutagenic category 2 substance. Proposals to restrict phenol under the TSD were originally circulated in October 2014, among a list of six chemicals. The other five substances were:

• 1,2-Benzisothiazol- 3(2H)-one
• 5-Chloro-2-methylisothiazolin-3(2H)-one
• 5-Chloro-2-methylisothiazolin-3(2H)-one (CMI) and 2-methylisothiazolin-3(2H)-one (3:1 mixture)
• Formamide
• 2-Methylisothiazolin-3(2H)-one

Following this, restrictions for these five chemicals were published in November 2015 and will be implemented in two phases, beginning on May 24, 2017.

After the publishing of Directive (EU) 2017/774 on May 4, 2017, the restrictions relating to phenol will become effective on November 4, 2018.

SGS EU Toy Safety Directive Services
SGS offers a wide range of services to ensure products comply with the EU Toy Safety Directive. These include training, safety/risk assessment, technical documentation checks, labelling reviews, testing according to harmonized standards, SVHC screening, inspections and audits. With a network of toy experts and around 20 toy labs worldwide, including 3 EU Notified Bodies (France, Germany and Netherlands), SGS can assist manufacturers around the world with EU toy compliance. Learn more about SGS’s EU Toy Safety Directive Services (

SGS SafeGuardS keep you up to date with the latest news and developments in the consumer goods industry. Read the full Restricts Phenol in Certain Toys SafeGuardS. (

Subscribe here,, to receive SGS SafeGuardS direct to your inbox.

For further information contact:

Hing Wo Tsang
Global Hardlines Information and Innovation Manager
Tel:(+852) 2774 7420

About SGS
SGS is the world’s leading inspection, verification, testing and certification company. SGS is recognized as the global benchmark for quality and integrity. With more than 90,000 employees, SGS operates a network of over 2,000 offices and laboratories around the world.

1, Mons Calpe
Chitcombe Road
Broad Oak
East Sussex
TN31 6EU

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