openPR Logo
Press release

The Zika Virus is Serious – Take These Precautions

07-14-2016 12:27 PM CET | Health & Medicine

Press release from: Formaspace

Zika by state report

Zika by state report

With the Opening Ceremony of the 2016 Olympics in Rio de Janeiro taking place in early August, there is heightened concern over the Zika virus, especially since health officials reported the first ever Zika virus fatality in the continental US earlier in early July. Given that the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) now recommends pregnant women consider delaying travel to Zika virus affected areas, we have to ask: what do we know about Zika and how can we protect ourselves from this newly emerging threat?

A string of troubling news reports about the spread of Zika virus has caused widespread alarm among public health officials and the public alike. Particularly troubling are the recently broadcasted images of Brazilian newborns with severe birth defects, such as microcephaly — which causes babies to be born with abnormally small heads.

According to the Director of the CDC, Dr. Tom Friden, "Our birth defects specialists tell us a single child with birth defects can cost $1 million dollars to care for – or more."

What is the underlying cause of this devastating outbreak?

The Zika virus is part of the single-stranded RNA virus family known as Flaviviruses. Over the years, Zika virus received scant attention compared to the other well-known diseases in the Flavivirus family — which includes yellow fever, West Nile, dengue, Hepatitis C, and several encephalitis diseases.

Since its discovery in Uganda in 1947, Zika was known to public health officials and researchers as a regional virus — limited to the equatorial belt between the African and Asian continents. However, over the last three years, Zika virus has been on the march across the globe.

All Countries & Territories with Active Zika Virus Transmission. Image by Centers for Disease Control

During 2013 and 2014, Zika virus was discovered in three South Pacific island groups far from the Asian mainland: the Cook Islands, French Polynesia, and Easter Island. By 2015, the Zika virus had taken hold in the Western Hemisphere. It has spread to parts of Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean and South America — especially Brazil, where the virus has at times reached pandemic levels. You can watch an interesting animated timeline of the alarming spread of the Zika virus on this website prepared by the Harvard Medical School and Boston Children's Hospital.

Laboratory-confirmed Zika virus disease cases reported to ArboNET by state or territory — (as of July 6, 2016)

Some Public Health Officials Express Concern over Olympic Games
For some public health officials, the outbreak has called into question whether it makes sense, in a time of potential pandemic, for a vast number of tourists to travel to the 2016 Olympic Games in Rio. While some games participants and countless tourists are reportedly staying home, Olympic game organizers and Brazilian government officials are proceeding with the games despite the warnings, hoping that the cooler temperatures of the Southern Hemisphere's Winter season — combined with an extensive mosquito control program — will limit the spread of the virus.

Will the Olympic Games be safe for the athletes? We will have an answer to this question, but only in retrospect. The efficacy of the Olympic Games' Zika virus protection program will be evaluated by a National Institutes of Health (NIH) study that will track any Zika virus infections among US Olympic participants — but we will only know the results after the fact.

New Blood Tests to Determine Cases of Zika Virus Infection
As the virus has spread, determining if pregnant women have been exposed to the virus has become an urgent public health issue due to the congenital and neurological birth defects the virus can cause in utero.

In response, the FDA has given emergency use authorizations for several Zika diagnostic tests. These will allow health care providers to determine if a specific individual has a current, active Zika infection or whether at-risk individuals — primarily pregnant women — have been infected at an earlier date.

Zika tests recently approved under the FDA's emergency authorization program include:

• Zika MAC-ELISA by the CDC
• CDC Trioplex rRT-PCR by the CDC
• Zika Virus RNA Qualitative Real-Time RT-PCR test by Focus Diagnostics, Inc.
• RealStar Zika Virus RT-PCR Kit U.S. by altona Diagnostics GmbH
• Aptima Zika Virus assay by Hologic, Inc.

Protecting the world's blood supply is also critical. When it became uncertain if Puerto Rico's blood supply was safe from Zika virus, blood bank officials transferred large quantities of human blood from the US mainland to the Caribbean island. Recently, the FDA has allowed some of the Zika blood test listed above to be used on an emergency basis to determine if blood donations have evidence of Zika infection — in order to prevent them from entering the blood supply at large.

Meanwhile, the FDA has issued guidance for individuals who have visited areas with active Zika transmission (or who might have possibly been infected by other means) to refrain from donating blood.

Synthetic Zika Virus Helps Researchers Track Infections in the Lab
A major advance in studying the virus came from UTMB researchers in Galveston, Texas, who developed a man-made clone of the Zika virus with a luciferase marker (the chemical that makes fireflies glow) to help scientists understand virus transmission between mosquitoes and small animals. According to Pei-Yong Shi, PhD, study coauthor and professor in the department of biochemistry and molecular biology at UTMB, "the new Zika clone, together with mosquito infection models and the UTMB-developed Zika mouse model, represent a major advance towards deciphering why the virus is tied to serious disease."

But What About Current Treatments, Such as Vaccines, for the Zika Virus?
At the present time, there is no known cure for Zika virus diseases — but several vaccine programs are being fast-tracked and could be available as soon as two years from now — possibly on a provisional basis initially.

Vaccine Development at Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (WRAIR)

One of the promising vaccines, Zika purified inactivated virus (ZPIV), is being developed at Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (WRAIR) at their Pilot Bioproduction Facility. They are receiving special assistance from the U.S. Department of Defense's Armed Forces Research Institute of Medical Sciences (AFRIMS) which is based in Bangkok, Thailand, that has been studying early outbreaks of Zika and other related viruses.

The WRAIR Zika vaccine approach is based on previous research used to develop a successful vaccine against Japanese encephalitis, which, like Zika, is a Flavivirus. The Zika virus vaccine under development uses a killed strain of Zika virus found in South America that has been responsible for the congenital birth and neurological defects in that region.

In early July, WRAIR made several announcements heralding the progress of their Zika virus vaccine. First, they announced promising findings from pre-clinical studies of the vaccine in rhesus monkeys, which, will in turn, likely allow the NIH's National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases to begin sponsoring a series of phase 1 ZPIV trials. Second, WRAIR also announced they planned to transfer the rights to the Zika purified inactivated virus (ZPIV) technology to the French pharmaceutical giant Sanofi. Sanofi will conduct the phase 2 drug testing trials, manage the regulatory hurdles and prepare the Zika vaccine for widespread production.

Vaccine Development at the lab of Dan Barouch of Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center in Boston

A second Zika virus vaccine is also being developed by Dan Barouch, of Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center in Boston. Unlike WRAIR's vaccine, which uses killed virus, the Barouch vaccine uses sets of genetic DNA snippets taken from a Brazilian strain of the Zika virus to create an antibody response. Barouch's lab reports that a single shot of this experimental DNA vaccine was able to provide protection against the virus in laboratory mice test subjects.

How to Protect Yourself from the Zika Virus

Now that the Zika virus has spread across the Carribean, and into Mexico, Central America, Columbia and Brazil, you and your family will have to take extraordinary precautions to prevent Zika virus infections until there is a reliable, safe vaccine.

Read more...formaspace.com/articles/health-care/zika-virus-take-precautions/?utm_source=openpr&utm_medium=content&utm_campaign=article-071316

Formaspace advances the spirit of discovery and creation through the design and manufacture of custom technical furniture, accessories, and services. We develop elegant, practical, flexible solutions for customers in laboratory, technical, and industrial environments.

design.consultant@formaspace.com
800.251.1505
1100 E. Howard Lane, Suite 400
Austin, TX 78753

This release was published on openPR.

Permanent link to this press release:

Copy
Please set a link in the press area of your homepage to this press release on openPR. openPR disclaims liability for any content contained in this release.

You can edit or delete your press release The Zika Virus is Serious – Take These Precautions here

News-ID: 348871 • Views:

More Releases from Formaspace

12 FUTURE TRENDS FOR FORENSIC TESTING LABS
12 FUTURE TRENDS FOR FORENSIC TESTING LABS
To misquote Shakespeare, “now is the summer of our discontent.” By all measures, the summer of 2020 has been a difficult one across the board. For forensic science professionals, who recognize the importance of maintaining the public’s trust, two issues have moved to the forefront as a result of the Coronavirus pandemic. The first is a renewed public interest in the important role of laboratory science, no doubt in part due to the
Reduce Material Handling Cost: Ergonomics to the Rescue!
That’s the finding from Liberty Mutual’s new 2019 Workplace Safety Index, which identified five types of accidents that are responsible for two-thirds of the injuries in Transportation and Warehousing: Overexertion involving an outside source Falls to the same level Roadway incidents Other exertions or bodily reactions Falls to a lower level What can be done to make packing and shipping stations safer for everyone? The answer may lie in improved ergonomics. Unlike Canada and the EU, which have
5 Core Concept to Operate a Museum
5 Core Concept to Operate a Museum
When it comes to understanding how to manage a museum effectively, it's helpful to learn more about the roles of five departments that make up the backbone of museum operations. They are (1) the Conservation Department, (2) the Documentation Department, (3) the Research Department, (4) the Exhibition Department and (5) the Educational and Information Services Departments. In this article, we will look at each of these five museum departments in detail. 1.
Can Current Soil Testing Labs Meet Growth in the Organic Farming Industry?
Can Current Soil Testing Labs Meet Growth in the Organic Farming Industry?
Once considered a niche product, organic produce sales are on the march. Today's health-conscious consumers are willing to pay a premium for the perceived quality benefits of organic foods, which are poised to grab additional market share as new industry players, such as Amazon with its acquisition of Whole Foods, enter the retail grocery market. The increasing demand is also driving the need for more organic produce testing by certified

All 5 Releases


More Releases for Zika

Zika Virus Vaccines Market 2022 | High rate of incidence of active Zika virus in …
Zika Virus Vaccines Market Report, published by Allied Market Research, forecasts that the global market is expected to garner $18,697 million by 2022, registering a CAGR of 5.2% during the forecast period 2017-2022.Key opportunities include the need for vaccines for immunization & prevention of further spread of Zika virus infection and for treatment of Zika-linked birth defects. Do Enquiry for Sample Report @ https://www.alliedmarketresearch.com/request-sample/1817 The outbreak of Zika virus infection in Latin
Zika Vaccines Market Size, Share, Development by 2023
New report published by Market Research Report Store (MRRS) which offers insights on the global Zika Vaccines market. Click to view the full report TOC, figure and tables: https://www.marketresearchreportstore.com/reports/212025/global-zika-vaccines-market Global Zika Vaccines Market: Forecast by Type / Application / Region According to this study, over the next five years the Zika Vaccines market will register a xx% CAGR in terms of revenue, the global market size will reach US$ xx million by 2023, from
Zika Virus Testing Market Opportunity Assessment Research Study
One of the biggest public growing threat is the rapid emergence of mosquito borne virus called as Zika virus. Zika virus was first identified in rhesus monkey in the year 1947 in Uganda. Later in 1952 the virus was identified in humans. The virus is a single-stranded RNA virus of the Flaviviridae family, and is transmitted by two species of Aedes genus, Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus. These are the
Global Zika Virus Market Research Report 2017
Qyresearchreports include new market research report "Global Zika Virus Market Research Report 2017" to its huge collection of research reports. The global market for Zika Virus has been marked on several factors that are on the verge or have already impacted the growth of the market in several contexts. The report further pronounces different statistics and data pertaining to the global Zika Virus market. The core aim of the report is
Global Zika Virus Market Research Report 2017
The Global Zika Virus 2017 Market Research Report is a professional and in-depth study on the current state of the Zika Virus industry. Firstly, the report provides a basic overview of the industry including definitions, classifications, applications and industry chain structure. The Zika Virus market analysis is provided for the international market including development history, competitive landscape analysis, and major regions’ development status. Secondly, development policies and plans are discussed as well
Zika Vaccines Market - Global Industry Insights 2025
Zika vaccines are developed for immunization & prevention against diseases caused by Zika virus. This virus belongs to genus Flavivirus and is transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes. The virus can also be transmitted through blood transfusion, sexual contact or from infected pregnant women to the fetus. Diagnosis of this infection is confirmed by detecting viral DNA through PCR. However, only 1 in 4 people with zika infection are prone to develop