openPR Logo
Press release

Nephrology: How to improve and maintain dialysis water purity

05-13-2016 04:50 PM CET | Health & Medicine

Press release from: Pabst Science Publishers

Carlo Boccato, David Evans, Rui Lucena, Jörg Vienken: Water and Dialysis Fluids - A quality management guide

Carlo Boccato, David Evans, Rui Lucena, Jörg Vienken: Water and Dialysis Fluids - A quality management guide

Nephrology: Dialysis water free of bacterial contamination and void of chemical contaminants is of paramount importance, and continuous actions should be taken to improve and maintain its status. Dialysis water purity requirements have evolved over the time to satisfy new therapeutic objectives in the renal replacement therapy. The new textbook "Water and Dialysis Fluids" provides medical rationale supporting the use of high grade water and dialysis fluid purity, several engineering water treatment options, water delivery and filtering systems, monitoring and quality control assurance process, maintenance of water treatment system and regulatory aspects.

The fluid in dialysis therapy consists of dialysis concentrates and mainly of water. Whereas the concentrate is commonly produced commercially at a consistent composition, the water used may vary widely in its composition and quality. The source of dialysis water is drinking water which is submitted to a purification cascade that involves, among others, pressure driven membranes processes such as reverse osmosis. Dialysis water depends on its source (ground water, surface water), its geographical and geological origin, seasonal variations and the water treatment processes used and their subsequent performance.

Typically a healthy adult is exposed (via ingestion) to 10-20 litres of water per week. Water goes across a selective barrier of the gastrointestinal tract and some toxic contaminants are removed by the renal function.

In contrast, hemodialysis patients undergiong 4-hour dialysis sessions, thrice weekly may be exposed to more than 360 litres of dialysis fluid per week. Dialysis fluids and consequently water contaminants (if present) may pass through the non-selective dialyzer membrane and the limited renal function cannot maintain the normal balance of contaminants. Moreover, the highly permeable membranes used today as well as the increased prescription of more convective and high volumes therapies rises the risk of contaminants load passing through the membrane and consequently into the blood.

>> Carlo Boccato, David Evans, Rui Lucena, Jörg Vienken: Water and Dialysis Fluids - A quality management guide. (Good Dialysis Practice Vol. 8; Series Editor Jörg Vienken) Pabst, 262 pages colour, hardcover. ISBN 978-3-95853-111-6

Pabst Science Publishers (Lengerich/Westfalen) veröffentlicht zehn psychologische und neun medizinische Fachzeitschriften; darüber hinaus erscheinen bei Pabst aus den gleichen Fachbereichen mehr als hundert Bücher jährlich - teils wissenschaftliche Spezialtitel, teils allgemeinverständliche Fachliteratur.

Pabst Science Publishers
Eichengrund 28
49525 Lengerich
Tel. 05484-308
Fax 05484-550
Internet: /

This release was published on openPR.

Permanent link to this press release:

Please set a link in the press area of your homepage to this press release on openPR. openPR disclaims liability for any content contained in this release.

You can edit or delete your press release Nephrology: How to improve and maintain dialysis water purity here

News-ID: 341190 • Views: 486

More Releases from Pabst Science Publishers

Health literacy: How to improve health behaviors
Health literacy is defined as "people´s knowledge, motivation and competences to access, understand, appraise and apply information to make judgements and take decisions in everyday life healthcare concerning disease prevention and health promotion to maintain and improve quality of life during the life course." In a new volume Anne-Kathrin Mayer and colleagues shed light on the concept of health literacy from different disciplines: psychology, educational sciences, health sciences and
Health literacy: how to improve the advantages and to reduce the risks
The new volume "Health literacy across the lifespan" stresses the importance of health literacy for changing multiple health-risk-factors. Anne-Kathrin Mayer and colleagues shed light on a concept from different disciplines: psychology, educational sciences, health sciences and public health, communication sciences, and information sciences. It is undisputed that health is strongly influenced by individual efforts aimed at the promotion of health and the prevention of illness or recovery from diseases. These
Directed deceased donation: beyond the impartial allocation system
"Within a pluralistic account of morality, partial values have a merit of their own and should be assessed in their own terms. These values are extremely relevant in the field of organ transplantation, but are misunderstood at a political level where partiality is put at par with injustice, and where fairness is exclusively taken as impartial justice." Dr. Medard Hilhorst (Erasmus Medical University Rotterdam) argues "that partial values are fundamental
Transplantation: Prisoners are killed for their organs in China
Transplantation: China is the only country in the world systematically using organs from prisoners for transplantation, Professor Huige Li reports. For over 40 years, executed prisoners were used as the main organ source in China. It´s a profitable international business. A number of Chinese Hospitals claimed that they could provide liver transplants in the time range between 3 to 30 days. The report appeared in "Ethical, Legal and Psychosocial Aspects

All 5 Releases

More Releases for Dialysis

Global Peritoneal Dialysis Market Study 2015-2025, by Segment (Peritoneal Dialys …
Peritoneal Dialysis is a way of dialysis that use the body's own peritoneal as the dialysis membrane. It makes the dialysis solution injected into the intraperitoneal, the use of the human body peritoneal filter, clear the blood of metabolic wastes and excess water, commonly known as "wash belly". It is one of the renal failure therapies outside of hemodialysis. View TOC for Research Report @ The global Peritoneal Dialysis market will
Dialysis Machines Market Report 2018: Segmentation by Type (Hemodialysis Dialysi …
Global Dialysis Machines market research report provides company profile for Kawasumi, Nikkiso, Nipro, NxStage, Toray Industries, Asahi Kasei, B. Braun, Baxter, Fresenius, JMS and Others. This market study includes data about consumer perspective, comprehensive analysis, statistics, market share, company performances (Stocks), historical analysis 2012 to 2017, market forecast 2018 to 2025 in terms of volume, revenue, YOY growth rate, and CAGR for the year 2018 to 2025, etc. The report
United States Dialysis Catheters Market Report 2017
Geographically, this report splits the United States market into seven regions: The West Southwest The Middle Atlantic New England The South The Midwest with sales (volume), revenue (value), market share and growth rate of Dialysis Catheters in these regions, from 2012 to 2022 (forecast). United States Dialysis Catheters market competition by top manufacturers/players, with Dialysis Catheters sales volume, price, revenue (Million USD) and market share for each manufacturer/player; the top players including Covidien (Medtronic) C.R. Bard Medline Industries AngioDynamics Amecath Argon Medical Devices Sample of
Global Kidney Dialysis Equipment Market
The Global Kidney Dialysis Equipment Market was valued at US$ 13,930.3 million in 2015 and is projected to expand at a CAGR of 6.6% during the forecast period (2016–2024), as highlighted in a new report published by Coherent Market Insights. Increasing number of End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) patients, growing prevalence of diabetes & hypertension (major causes of kidney failure), rapid growth in the aging population are expected to be major factors driving growth of
Peritoneal Dialysis Market : Market and Growth Analysis
Dialysis refers to the process of cleaning the blood in case of kidney failure or improper functioning of kidneys. There are two types of dialysis; hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. Hemodialysis involves pumping out of the blood to an artificial kidney system and is returned back to the body with the help of tubing accessories. Peritoneal dialysis involves the cleansing of blood along with removal of extra fluids by utilizing body’s
Global Dialysis Market Outlook to 2020
Dialysis is the artificial process of eliminating waste and unwanted water from the blood. It is carried out by using a special fluid called dialysate, a mixture of pure water and chemicals, is carefully controlled to pull wastes out of your blood without removing substances your body needs. There are two types of dialysis: hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. Hemodialysis removes wastes and water by circulating blood outside the body through