Organ donation and transplantation in emerging economies: organ trafficking, mistrust and insufficient treatment
"The impact of commerce, transplant tourism and organ trafficking remains a burning issue in the global community of transplantation. Emerging economies became the centre of transplant commerce and tourism with centers in many countries. The views differ in the selling and buying countries," Dr. S.A. Anwar Naqvi and colleagues (Karachi/Pakistan) report. Experienced physicians provide an overview in the new handbook "Organ Transplantation: Ethical, Legal and Psychosocial Aspects. Global Issues, Local Solutions".
W. Weimar, M.A. Bos, J.J.V. Busschbach (Eds.) Organ Transplantation: Ethical, Legal and Psychosocial Aspects, Vol. III
"The impact that commerce and tourism have on transplantation can be judged by the experience of Pakistan which became the largest organ bazaar in the world.
Availability of a vendor has increased family refusal rates in local transplant programmes on social and medical grounds. The economic gains have encouraged the physicians and surgeons to shift transplant activity from public to the private sector hospital.
There came a point in the years 2004 and 2005 where more than 2.000 foreigners travelled to Pakistan each year for transplantation. Several studies have highlighted the plight of vendors both in Pakistan and India. The majority were illiterate, bonded labourers who sold their kidneys for debt repayment. Our clinical study on vendors showed low glomerular filtration rate after donation, proteinuria in 17% and hepatitis C positivity in 24%. Several papers from other countries where recipients bought kidneys from Pakistan show that they experienced serious infectious complications and early rejections.
Transplantation is still a very specialized field in many emerging economies. Paucity of intensive care unit facilities and a negative attitude of physicians towards brain death and organ donation specially in emergency services and intensive care units, has held back deceased donor programmes. Non-availability of transplant services in the government sector and high costs in the private sector render the majority of the population disfranchised from dialysis and transplantation. The population seems to be unwilling to support deceased donation programmes due to several reasons. Firstly they cannot be beneficiary of deceased donation, further there is mistrust of doctors in the ICU situation for the fear of inproper care and finally there is the perceaved fear of sale of organs of the dying ..."
>> W. Weimar, M.A. Bos, J.J.V. Busschbach (Eds.) Organ Transplantation: Ethical, Legal and Psychosocial Aspects, Vol. III. Global Issues, Local Solutions. Pabst, 340 pages, ISBN 978-3-89967-931-1
Pabst Science Publishers (Lengerich/Westfalen) veröffentlicht zehn psychologische und neun medizinische Fachzeitschriften; darüber hinaus erscheinen bei Pabst aus den gleichen Fachbereichen mehr als hundert Bücher jährlich - teils wissenschaftliche Spezialtitel, teils allgemeinverständliche Fachliteratur.
Pabst Science Publishers
This release was published on openPR.
Permanent link to this press release:
Please set a link in the press area of your homepage to this press release on openPR. openPR disclaims liability for any content contained in this release.
You can edit or delete your press release Organ donation and transplantation in emerging economies: organ trafficking, mistrust and insufficient treatment here
News-ID: 291963 • Views: 6286
More Releases from Pabst Science Publishers
Health literacy: How to improve health behaviors
Health literacy is defined as "people´s knowledge, motivation and competences to access, understand, appraise and apply information to make judgements and take decisions in everyday life healthcare concerning disease prevention and health promotion to maintain and improve quality of life during the life course." In a new volume Anne-Kathrin Mayer and colleagues shed light on the concept of health literacy from different disciplines: psychology, educational sciences, health sciences and
Health literacy: how to improve the advantages and to reduce the risks
The new volume "Health literacy across the lifespan" stresses the importance of health literacy for changing multiple health-risk-factors. Anne-Kathrin Mayer and colleagues shed light on a concept from different disciplines: psychology, educational sciences, health sciences and public health, communication sciences, and information sciences. It is undisputed that health is strongly influenced by individual efforts aimed at the promotion of health and the prevention of illness or recovery from diseases. These
Directed deceased donation: beyond the impartial allocation system
"Within a pluralistic account of morality, partial values have a merit of their own and should be assessed in their own terms. These values are extremely relevant in the field of organ transplantation, but are misunderstood at a political level where partiality is put at par with injustice, and where fairness is exclusively taken as impartial justice." Dr. Medard Hilhorst (Erasmus Medical University Rotterdam) argues "that partial values are fundamental
Transplantation: Prisoners are killed for their organs in China
Transplantation: China is the only country in the world systematically using organs from prisoners for transplantation, Professor Huige Li reports. For over 40 years, executed prisoners were used as the main organ source in China. It´s a profitable international business. A number of Chinese Hospitals claimed that they could provide liver transplants in the time range between 3 to 30 days. The report appeared in "Ethical, Legal and Psychosocial Aspects
More Releases for Transplantation
Transplantation Drug Development Pipeline Review, 2017
Transplant rejection is a complication that can occur after the replacement of a defective host organ with a foreign donor organ. General risks associated with transplantation are bleeding, infection, clots, and cardiovascular disorders. Additionally, following a transplant, the immune system may consider the transplanted heart as foreign and mount a response against it, especially if the antigens expressed by the tissues in each do not match. Generally, immunosuppressive drugs are
Latest Development in Global Transplantation Industry 2017
Albany, NY, 13th October : Recent research and the current scenario as well as future market potential of "Global Transplantation Market 2017-2021" globally. Transplantation is a procedure wherein diseased or injured cells, tissues, or organs are replaced with healthy cells, tissues, or organs to restore normal functioning of the body. Donor and recipient cells, tissues, and organs should match or be compatible, or can lead to transplant rejection. The surface of
Successful Treatment of White Stains – Melanocyte Transplantation
Vitiligo or Leucoderma is same as complete social curse. It is bad for patient not only in India but also in the world. It affects whole family, due to one patients. It affects to any age of person from children to old. In old days, there was a temporary solution. After long time modern science found better solution for Vitiligo. Some type of white stain we can cure by surgery treatment. In
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation Industry Share Report
Global Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (HSCT) Market: Snapshot The global market hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) has been witnessing a high rise in its valuation and size over the last few years and is anticipated to remain doing so over the next few years. The considerable rise in the geriatric population and the increasing prevalence of non-communicable diseases is the key driving force behind the growth of this market. The increasing
Tissue Transplantation Products and Services Market
Chronic diseases often lead to catastrophic damage to vital organs. This damage is usually irreversible and leads to lifetime dependency on medicines. Under such severe conditions, transplants remain the mainstay for restoration of healthy life. Globally, there has been a surge in tissue transplant with advances in medical biotechnology. Tissue transplantation and services market has seen an increased demand especially from high income countries. Higher prevalence of diseases such as
Bone Marrow Transplantation-Pipeline Insights, 2017
This report helps to analyze competitive developments such as joint ventures, strategic alliances, mergers and acquisitions, new product developments, and research and developments in the Bone Marrow Transplantation-Pipeline Insights, 2017 market. “Bone Marrow Transplantation-Pipeline Insights, 2017”, report provides in depth insights on the pipeline drugs and their development activities around the Bone Marrow Transplantation. The Report covers the product profiles in various stages of development including Discovery, Pre-clinical, IND, Phase I,