Focus on Abrasive Cutting
Geometry of the focusing tube
An important feature of a focusing tube is its length. In combination with the geometry of the inlet zone (see drawing), the tube length significantly determines the speed and focus of the exiting jet. The pure water jet created by a diamond or sapphire orifice (see TechNews I/2012) is enhanced with abrasive sand in the mixing chamber, which is in front of the focusing tube. In this process, both a correct inlet angle and a minimum tube length are necessary to adjust the abrasive particles to the velocity and direction of the waterjet thus creating a precisely focused and efficient cutting jet. However, the focusing tube should not be too long either as the jet will then be slowed down due to friction at the inner surface and decrease in cutting performance.
Further influencing factors
Considering the general interaction of focusing tube and water orifice, there are also some things to take into account. For example, the proportion of the respective interior diameters is important for the precise focus of the cutting jet. Moreover, tube and orifice have to be exactly aligned. Normally, a concentric, slightly wavelike wear can be observed, especially at the tube inlet. If the alignment is imprecise, the wear increases and affects the jet’s quality after a shorter period of use. This may result in a diversion of the cutting jet at the tube outlet and a deterioration of the cut quality at the workpiece. Further factors which particularly influence the product life are the inlet velocity of the waterjet as well as the amount and quality of the abrasive and of course the material quality of the focusing tube.
Taking all of these features into account, the focusing tube Hypertube by KMT is first choice for many operators of waterjet cutting machines. Starting with the choice of material, KMT offers different quality levels which enable a product life of up to 120 hours – possibly even more depending on application. Considering that a long-lived focusing tube makes for a precise cut which lasts over an equally long period, a high quality tube may reduce the downtime of the whole machine. Furthermore, KMT has optimized the tube’s geometry and material with over 40 years of experience to accomplish the best possible cutting performance. The combination of the Hypertube and a KMT cutting head guarantees an exact alignment of focusing tube and water orifice as well as the right proportion of the respective interior diameter – KMT’s advice is a proportion of approx. 1:3. Moreover, the great exterior diameters resulting in a high wall thickness realizes a very good heat dissipation.
KMT Waterjet Systems is a leading multinational manufacturer of components for waterjet cutting systems. The company develops solutions for a wide range of industries and applications. Since 1971 the company has been dedicated to long-term customer relationships. Continuous investment in innovation has made KMT Waterjet Systems the market leader in the waterjet cutting industry. High pressure pumps, cutting heads, abrasive systems, high pressure tubes, original spare parts and a global service network are among the key products and services of the company.
Ralf kleine Brörmann
Hohe Strasse 4-6
61231 Bad Nauheim
Phone: +49 (0) 6032 / 997-126
Fax: +49 (0) 6032 / 997-270
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