openPR Logo

Press Releases from TMR Research (27695 total)

Gas Insulated Switchgear Market - Future Market with Current Trend Analysis upto …

Global Gas Insulated Switchgear Market: Snapshot Gas insulated switchgear refers to a type of protection device and a an amalgamation of several types of components such as disconnectors, protection relays, lightning arrestors, potential transformers, current transformers, and circuit breakers. They are mainly employed in the transmission and distribution of electricity and efficiently protects circuits and equipment from unregulated power fluctuations. The global market for gas insulated switchgear is expected to witness an

Food Antioxidants Market - Future Market, Growth & Forecast upto 2025

Global Food Antioxidants Market: Snapshot An antioxidant mainly refers to a molecule that obstructs the oxidation of the other molecules around it. Oxidation produces free radicals that leads to chain reaction, thus damaging the cells. The work of antioxidants such as ascorbic acid or vitamin C and thiols is to exterminate the chain reactions. The word antioxidant is basically used for substance such as natural chemicals which are found in body

Dermal Filler Market - Trends, Share,Growth & Forecast upto 2025

Global Derma Filler Market: Snapshot Derma fillers are also referred to as soft-tissue fillers or injectable. They are known for filling up an area under a particular skin spot or patch. Some fillers are made using natural ingredients whereas some are manufactured using synthetic products. All types of derma fillers, whether synthetic or natural work on improving the appearance and presentation of the aging skin in many ways such as they

Noise, Vibration Harshness (NVH) Testing Market - Current Scenario and Forecast …

Global Noise, Vibration, Harshness (NVH) Testing Market: Snapshot The expansive application of NVH is evident in this season of new automobile launches which feature top-end cars such as the 2017 Mazda CX-5, Peugeot 508, Toyota C-HR, and 2017 Kia Soul Turbo. All of these novel models have incorporated the revised and more advanced versions of NVH to benefit drivers with added comfort, relaxation, and privacy. Different market players are foreseen

Industrial Plugs & Sockets Market - Present Scenario & Growth Prospects 2017 - 2 …

Industrial Plugs & Sockets Market: Snapshot The global industrial plugs and socket market will witness an upward growth in the period from 2017 to 2025 on account of the growing construction and infrastructure development activities across the globe, especially in Asia. The manufacturing sector in Asian countries is growing and the sector is witnessing a revival in North America. This is having a positive impact on the global industrial plugs and

Radio Frequency Beauty Equipment Market - Value Chain Analysis and Forecast upto …

Radio Frequency Beauty Equipment Market: Snapshot The demand for radio frequency beauty equipment is soaring as there is a greater extent of acceptance of latest and emerging technologies, which act as effective alternatives to traditional methods of improving beauty and appearance. There exists a growing demand for minimally invasive beauty treatments and this is pushing medical device manufacturers to develop radio frequency beauty equipment. Players in the market are concentrating on

Meat Speciation Testing Market - Detailed Analysis and Forecast upto 2025

Meat Speciation Testing Market: Snapshot The global meat speciation testing market is expected to witness a steady growth in the years to come on account of the increasing number of food fraud cases across the globe. The increasing infection among consumers on account of eating meats is also fueling the demand for meat speciation testing. The need for compliance with various labeling laws will also push the demand for meat speciation

Automotive HVAC Market : Latest Trends, Demand and Analysis 2025

Global Automotive HVAC Market: Snapshot With the escalating demand for cab services such as Uber, Sidecar, Ola, and Lyft, the global market for automotive HVAC is expected to expand at a healthy clip. These car rental services have been acknowledging the importance of customer experience, and have therefore made air conditioning a key part of their services. As several manufacturers have been working to bring down the weight and size of

Automotive Brakes Market : Key Growth Factors and Industry Analysis 2017 - 2025

Global Automotive Brakes Market: Snapshot Brakes are central in the safe operation of a motor vehicle. Without the ability to stop or slow down our vehicles, accidents would be a fairly common phenomena across the world. The design of the automotive braking system has evolved overtime, and modern day automobiles feature emergency brakes, parking brakes, and service brakes. A typical automobile braking system includes a piston, rotor, brake pads, caliper, brake

Waste Heat Recovery Market : Key Players, Growth, Analysis, 2017 - 2025

Waste Heat Recovery Market: An Overview New energy efficient equipment or waste heat recovery systems enable users to reduce energy losses and cater to the growing energy demands. These systems can also be used to capture the heat generated in the course of several industrial processes and further use it for mechanical and electrical works, fulfilling the energy requirements by converting waste heat into a useful one. With rising energy

Viral Conjunctivitis Market with Current Trends Analysis 2025

Global Viral Conjunctivitis Market: Snapshot Conjunctivitis refers to the swelling or inflammation of the conjunctiva of the eye. Viruses are among the leading causes of conjunctivitis on a global basis. This form of conjunctivitis is highly contagious as viruses present in the air can spread via coughing or sneezing. Viral conjunctivitis can co-occur with influenza, common cold, measles, and respiratory infections. Once contracted, the patient’s eyes produce a watery discharge. The

Urological Catheters Market - Global Trends, Industry Size, Growth, Opportunitie …

Global Urological Catheters Market: Snapshot Catheters are medical instruments that are commonly used when a patient is unable to empty his or her bladder. If urine is allowed to build up in the patient’s bladder for a long time, the rising pressure in the kidneys can lead to kidney failure. The elderly people and patients with severe illness or injuries might need to use catheters for longer periods of time than

Transdermal and Transmucosal Drug Delivery Systems Market Overview and Analysis …

Global Transdermal and Transmucosal Drug Delivery Systems Market: Snapshot Transdermal and transmucosal drug delivery systems as alternative drug delivery routes have gained traction in clinical practices over the past few decades. The need for these systems is driven by the growing demand for controlled drug delivery to achieve a number of clinical objectives. These delivery systems have been found to be useful for improving pharmacological response of drugs and their

Toxic Shock Market to Record Ascending Growth by 2025

Global Toxic Shock Market: Snapshot The toxic shock syndrome (TSS) is an acute and multi-system illness caused by toxin-producing genus of Gram-positive bacteria—Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pyogenes. The disease if left untreated may lead to severe complications and even resulting in multiple organ failure. The role of Gram-positive bacteria as pathogens in this toxin-mediated illness is gaining significance as there is high likelihood of the disease being underdiagnosed. Although, continuous advances

Latest Research report on Tinnitus Market predicts favorable growth and forecast …

Tinnitus is a physical condition characterized by a hearing perception (noise or ringing sensation) within an ear when there is no such external noise. The exact cause of tinnitus is still not known. However, in most of cases, fluctuations in cochlea’s nerve activity due to reduced auditory input causes tinnitus. Moreover, over 200 different health disorders lead to tinnitus as a symptom, including ear infections, temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders, multiple

Therapeutic Homecare Devices Market Share Analysis To 2025

Global Therapeutic Homecare Devices Market: Snapshot Various studies conducted recently contend that rehabilitation treatments and therapeutic devices offered at home settings are equally effective as compared to hospitals for a number of surgeries. This has especially evident in case of total knee replacement surgeries and hence the substantial demand for therapeutic homecare devices for restoring mobility. Walking aids form one of the crucial assisted technologies that help in restoring strength and

Telesurgery Market - New Business Opportunities & Investment Research Report 201 …

Global Telesurgery Market: Snapshot Robot-assisted surgery is a vital element of telesurgery and has gained traction among surgeons in performing complicated surgeries, particularly laparoscopic surgery. Telesurgery or remote surgery offers several potential advantages over conventional surgical processes. Its use has transformed the delivery of patient care in places that severely lacks access to facilities owing to geographical or time constraints. Telesurgery typically employs miniscule robotic manipulators controlled by clinicians to accommodate

Sour Gas Market : Volume, Price, Demand & Supply, Market Share, Analysis & Forec …

Global Sour Gas Market: Snapshot The increasing oil exploration activities worldwide are one of the primary factors behind the remarkable growth of the global sour gas market. Sour gas can be naturally occurring in fields or can be produced through the process of reservoir souring, in which hydrogen sulfide is increased or introduced into a reservoir. Natural gas is considered sour gas if it has more than 5.7 milligrams of H2S

Roofing Coatings Market : Trends, Price, Share and Growth Rate from 2017 to 2025

Global Roofing Coatings Market: Snapshot The revival of the global economy from the economic downturn that happened in the last decade is providing an upthrust to several industries worldwide, including construction. The expansion of the global construction industry is one of the primary factors stoking the growth of the global roofing coatings market. The construction sector is progressing at a brisk pace in emerging regions such as Asia Pacific, making these

Physical Fitness Equipment Market : Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Professional …

Global Physical Fitness Equipment Market: Snapshot Continuous research on human body structure has paved way for technological advancements and innovation of fitness equipment, thus escalating the development of the global market for physical fitness equipment. Technological advancements include the incorporation of several components in a single unit, ensuring miniaturization at the same time. The expanding presence of internet is facilitating the greater access to training tutorials and expert opinions. This, in

Phthalocyanine Pigments Market : Industry Analysis,Trends and Forecast 2017 - 20 …

Global Phthalocyanine Pigments Market: Snapshot Phthalocyanine is an organic pigment and thus, the healthy growth of the global market for organic pigments is providing a significant momentum to the global phthalocyanine pigments market. The flourishing growth of end-user industries such as textiles, packaging, printing inks, and coatings is augmenting the global phthalocyanine pigments market. In addition to this, the recovery of the global economy from the economic downturn which happened in

Phenylbutazone Market : Supply and Consumption Market Research Report 2017 - 202 …

Global Phenylbutazone Market: Snapshot The phenylbutazone market has hit a road-block due to its disapproval from the country-wide market in the U.S. However, phenylbutazone, which are nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) that are useful in treating pain, fever, menstrual cramps, arthritis, and other inflammations in human body, continue to be used in other parts of the World. Moreover, these drugs are also used by the veterinary department, wherein 23 actively marketed phenylbutazone

Cellular IoT Market - Future Market with Current Trend Analysis upto 2025

Cellular IoT Market: Snapshot As more and more devices are getting connected together, the internet of things (IoT) architecture is expanding. In the future, it is estimated that all the internet devices will be connected. IoT remains the way to deliver machine to machine and device to person communication on a large scale. Most of the devices are estimated to be connected via wireless area networks (WAN), which are made possible

Brushless DC Motors Market - Current Scenario and Forecast 2017 - 2025

Brushless DC Motors Market: Snapshot The brushless DC motors market has become increasingly commercially important in recent years following the rising use of electronic systems in novel application streams such as the automotive sector. Brushless DC motors are more expensive than conventional brushed DC motors, but provide significant benefits in terms of operational efficiency and maintenance requirements, i.e. they offer a higher power-to-volume ratio, which has been a key factor driving

Software-Defined Anything Market - Detailed Analysis and Forecast upto 2025

Software-Defined Anything Market: Snapshot The software-defined anything sector has come into its own following the widespread realization of the potential of software-defined entities in streamlining and enhancing business operations in a wide array of industries. The rising importance of cost efficiency in competitive dealings has led many players to adopt software-defined products; the software-defined anything sector is thus likely to remain central to the business sector in the coming years as

Renewable Energy Policy FiT Market - Trends, Share,Growth & Forecast upto 2025

Global Renewable Energy Policy FiT Market: Snapshot The global renewable energy policy feed-in-tariff (FiT) market is reporting a remarkable rise. With the increasing global focus on decreasing air pollution, controlling carbon emissions, and reducing the dependency on coal and various other fossil fuels, the adoption rate of renewable energy technologies has escalated across the world significantly, which, as a result, is reflecting positively on this market. Economies across the world are aiming

Quality Management Software Market - Current Scenario and Forecast 2017 - 2025

Quality Management Software Market: Overview The global quality management software market is witnessing a substantial rise, thanks to the increasing uptake of quality management tools in enterprises due to their dynamic business models. The escalating adoption of quality management software by med-sized businesses is prime factor behind this tremendous growth of this market. Over the coming years, the worldwide market is projected to experience a tremendous rise in the demand for quality

Next Generation Non-Volatile Memory Market - In-Depth Analysis & Forecast upto 2 …

Global Next Generation Non-Volatile Memory Market: Snapshot Next-generation non-volatile memory technologies continue to get wide attention among electronics manufacturer. In recent years, their applications have gained traction across a number of data centers and client computers. The push for non-volatile memory technologies stems from the need for scalability, rapid read-and-write performance, and simple structure. Furthermore, next-generation non-volatile memories allow for an easy incorporation with the complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor process. Recent advancements in

Industrial Air Filtration Market - Value Chain Analysis and Forecast upto 2025

Global Industrial Air Filtration Market: Snapshot Occupational safety norms and policies regulating the quality of indoor air in various commercial and industrial buildings have led to the evolution of industrial air filtration market. There is a growing concerns of mitigating the effects of pollutants in ambient air in order to ensure a healthful working conditions in numerous industries such as logistics and recycling. This has led to accelerating demand for industrial

Medical Composites Market - Future Market with Current Trend Analysis upto 2025

Global Medical Composites Market: Snapshot Medical composite materials are acknowledged worldwide for the indispensable role they play in the manufacturing of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) equipment and advanced orthopedic devices. Moreover, these materials are extensively used in medical devices such as prosthetics and implants and therefore, the burgeoning demand for these devices is stoking the growth of the global medical composite market. On the basis of type, the market can be segmented

Drone-powered Business Solutions Market - New Era Of Market & Forecast upto 2025

Global Drone-powered Business Solutions Market: Snapshot Organizations worldwide are acknowledging the benefits they have derived by integrating drones in various verticals such as infrastructure maintenance, security and surveillance, inspection, mapping and surveying, and large-scale capital projects. This likely to provide a significant boost to the growth of the global drone-powered business solutions market. The primary solutions offered by drone-powered business solutions are software and services. There will be a greater inclination towards

IR Spectroscopy Market - Industry Analysis,Trends and Forecast 2017 - 2025

Global IR Spectroscopy Market: Snapshot The increasing investments in the research and development activities in the biological vertical are providing a significant push to the global infrared (IR) spectroscopy market. Based on product type, the market can be divided into benchtop, hyphenated, terahertz IR spectroscope, portable, and IR microscopy. On the basis of spectrum sensitivity, the market can be classified into near-infrared (NIR), far IR, and mid IR. The role of

White Oil Market - Detailed Analysis and Forecast upto 2025

Global White Oil Market: Snapshot White oil is a colorless distillate obtained from petroleum, especially liquid paraffin. The growth of the global white oil market is largely driven by the changing tastes of consumers in daily personal care products. White oil is acknowledged worldwide for its superior moisture barrier property and therefore, is widely used in the production of water resistant creams. The rising disposable income of people across the world

Windows Films Market - Value Chain Analysis and Forecast upto 2025

Global Window Films Market : Snapshot Window films hold two specific utilities amid their various application segments. The core intentions of consumers applying window films to their windows is to either modify its opacity, improve its mechanical strength, and to improve the aesthetic qualities of a glass window. The thin laminate can also help make the window structure a lot more stable, which is of high importance in marine as well

Roll-to-Roll Printing Market - Present Scenario & Growth Prospects 2017 - 2025

Global Roll-to-Roll Printing Market: Snapshot Roll-to-roll (R2R) printing refers to a family of manufacturing technologies that involves the constant processing of a flexible substrate as it is moved between two moving rolls of material. Advancements in the field of R2R have made it an important class of substrate-based manufacturing process in which subtractive and additive techniques are used to build structures in a constant manner. The process, comprises many techniques that,

Pharmaceutical Analytical Testing Services Market – By Analyzing the Performan …

Global Pharmaceutical Analytical Testing Services Market: Snapshot The global pharmaceutical analytical testing services market is poised to soar owing to the rising demand from pharmaceutical manufacturers and raw material suppliers. Delivering comprehensive pharmaceutical services in manufacturing and development have become the key concern of several companies. Numerous service providers are offering services such as pharma solutions, packaging, residual solvents, stability testing and storage, method validation, dissolution, raw material testing, leachable

Non-destructive Testing (NDT) Services Market - Analysis Market with Current Tre …

Global Non-destructive Testing Services Market: Snapshot Predictive maintenance is increasingly becoming a more prominent part of everyday operations and processes in a number of high-growth and lucrative industries such as aerospace and forensics. The trend has emerged as a highly promising growth opportunity for the global non-destructive testing (NDT) services market and has directed it towards a healthy growth path. By expanding access to a rising set of non-destructive testing methodologies,

Personalized Cancer Drugs Market Present Scenario and the Growth Prospects 2025

Global Personalized Cancer Drugs Market: Snapshot Genetic sequencing has proven that no two cancer cases are absolutely identical, heavily depending on genetic profiles of the patients, which defines their immunity power. But frequently, several promising pipeline drugs fail to reach the market for not being commonly useful for the masses. In this scenario, a small but increasing number of personalized cancer drugs are allowed by the FDA for the treatment of

Automotive IoT Market - Industry Analysis,Trends and Forecast 2017 - 2025

Global Automotive IoT Market: Snapshot Present-day vehicles are becoming more connected than ever before. The rising level of connectivity in vehicles is enabling new business models. With the aim of gaining a competitive edge in the intensely competitive global auto industry, automakers, service providers, and suppliers are increasing their focus on cognitive IoT as one of the most promising transformative forces. Connected vehicles are now becoming increasingly capable of analyzing real-time data,

Musculoskeletal Pains Market - Global and United States Development Trend Analys …

Global Musculoskeletal Pains Market: Snapshot Musculoskeletal pain is pain that affects bones, muscles, or the various types of connective tissues that hold the two together, such as tendons and ligaments. This type of pain can occur due to overuse or repetitive use of muscle groups, improper use or accidents such as falls, etc. and can persist for a long time, causing discomfort to the patient. The consistent discomfort caused by

Aprotic Solvents Market - Trends, Share,Growth & Forecast upto 2025

Global Aprotic Solvents Market: Snapshot A number of aprotic solvents such as acetone, toluene, and benzene continue to witness strong demand in industries such as pharmaceuticals, oil and gas, specialty chemicals, and paints and coatings. This continuous demand is one of the key factors driving the global market for aprotic solvents. These solvents are used for purposes such as manufacturing chemical, catalyst in a number of reactions, and as a raw

Muscle Wasting Disorder Market : Global Analysis, Opportunities and Forecast to …

Global Muscle Wasting Disorder Market: Snapshot The global muscle wasting disorder market is fueled primarily by the rising adherence to a sedentary lifestyle in developed regions. Due to the prosperity of regions such as North America and Europe, the number of sedentary office jobs has risen steadily. This has led to a proliferation of muscular and spinal disorders, including muscle wasting disorders. The rising number of urban citizens succumbing to

Molecular Spectrometry Market : Accounting a Higher Growth by 2017–2025

Global Molecular Spectrometry Market: Snapshot Molecular spectrometry examines and quantifies the response of molecules on interaction with known amounts of energy. Molecules have some energy levels that can be studied by determining the molecule’s energy exchange through emission or absorbance. Molecular spectrometry involves studying emission, absorption, or scattering of electromagnetic waves by atoms or molecules to quantitatively and qualitatively study atoms, molecules or physical processes. The interaction of matter with

Cool Roof Coating Market - Detailed Analysis and Forecast upto 2025

Global Cool Roof Coating Market: Snapshot Cool roof coatings have become a notable innovation in the construction sector due to their utility in both enhancing the comfort of the occupants of the building and helping reduce the carbon dioxide emissions necessitated by the building. The global cool roof coatings market is likely to ride the wave of environmentalism in the coming years, as solutions that reduce the environmental impact of a

Microtomes/Cryostats and Automated Stainers Market : Application and Development …

Global Microtomes/Cryostats and Automated Stainers Market: Snapshot Microtomes are instruments that are used for making extremely thin sections of a specimen for applications in pathology or histology. A microtome comprises a blade holding unit and clamped blade. It also consists of an object clamp and an advanced procedure for adjusting section thickness. The blade used is made of glass, special metal, or diamond depending on the sample type and the

ECG Cables and ECG Lead Wires Market - New Era Of Market & Forecast upto 2025

Global ECG Cables and ECG Lead Wires Market: Snapshot ECG cables and lead wires are a key equipment needed for electrocardiography, a monitoring technique used in several cardiac diseases. The global ECG cables and lead wires market has thus been driven primarily by the rising prevalence of cardiovascular conditions among the modern urban demographic and the growth of the geriatric demographic, which has led to rising demand for cardiac monitoring equipment.

Microalbuminuria Market : Application, Trends, Status and Forecast to 2025

Global Microalbuminuria Market: Snapshot Microalbuminuria is a condition that affects the kidney and restricts in retaining serum albumin, which is considered as a vital factor for the kidney to maintain its overall health of the body. The rising cases of obesity of diabetes across the globe have resulted in a significant rise in the microalbuminuria, which is likely to encourage the growth of the market in the next few years.

Cardiometabolic Disease Market : Application and Development Trends 2017 - 2025

Global Cardiometabolic Disease Market: Snapshot The global cardiometabolic disease market is estimated to witness a stupendous growth rate in the coming years. The high incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus due to changing lifestyles, genetic predisposition, and obesity have collectively increased the risk of cardiometabolic diseases amongst the global population. The incidence of these cluster of diseases finally leading to cardiometabolic syndrome is expected to be high in developed countries, where

Edge Analytics Market - Present Scenario & Growth Prospects 2017 - 2025

Global Edge Analytics Market: Snapshot The global edge analytics market has risen to the fore in recent years as a consequence of the rising importance of big data analytics in corporate operations. Rising use of machine systems utilizing Internet of Things technology is also likely to be vital for the global edge analytics market in the coming years. Rising use of data accrued from disparate systems in industrial operations and corporate

Cardiogenic Shock Market : Emerging Trends and Growth Rate Till 2025

Global Cardiogenic Shock Market: Snapshot The global cardiogenic shock market is driven by the rising prevalence of cardiac conditions across the world. The steadily growing influence of a sedentary lifestyle and the rising disposable income of customers have driven the demand for junk food. In urban centers across the world, fast food and junk food has become a part of the culture and demand for it is likely to increase consistently

Go To Page: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 415 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554