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ZharBiz WaterMicronWorld-Pakistan is facing a Serious Water Crisis 2019/2020

05-13-2019 01:38 PM CET | Energy & Environment

Press release from: ZharBiz International

"Every Drop Counts"

"Every Drop Counts"

About 92 per cent of Pakistan is classified as semi-arid to arid, and the vast majority of Pakistanis are dependent on surface and groundwater sources from a single source—the Indus River basin.

Pakistan is one of the fastest-growing nations in the world. It had a population of 170 million in 2011. Five years later, that population crossed over the 200 million mark.

The country is grappling with the same sorts of growing pains that its neighbor, India, is experiencing.

But Pakistan has an extraordinary problem looming on the horizon: water scarcity, which has devastated other countries in the sub-tropics in the past decade, is now quite real.

And a solution to the crisis is not entirely within the country’s control.
The Indus River is the primary source of freshwater for most of Pakistan.

It’s responsible for much of the water that’s used in both Pakistani households and industries. Water from the Indus also supports 90 percent of the agricultural sector in Pakistan-a particular problem for a country that, like others in the sub- tropical regions of the world, is arid and dry to begin with.

The Indus, like the Nile in Egypt, is one of the great rivers of the world. But the river has been so exploited in the past two decades—even as dry conditions grow worse in sub-tropical regions—that it no longer even flows into the ocean at the Port of Karachi.

The Indus is “dribbling to a meager end. Its once-fertile delta of rice paddies and fisheries has shriveled up,” water expert and author Steven Solomon has written in The New York Times.

Once a lush ecosystem, the lower Indus and the varied habitat it supports is now threatened in myriad ways.

“Choked off from its water supply, Karachi is plagued by increasingly brazen water thieves and riots over scarcity. Many in the water-stressed delta blame wealthy landowners upstream for taking water out of the river,” National Geographic reported in a special series on global water issues.

World War Three Be Fought Over Water?

But here’s where it gets especially treacherous for Pakistan. Compounding the over-use and changes inflicted on the arid region from the Earth’s climate system, actions by India to cut off some of the flow of water feeding the Indus has created the potential for serious conflict between the two nations.

The glaciers that feed the Indus originate in India, which has implemented large-scale diversions of the freshwater as it cascades down from those glaciers. India has even bigger plans for diversions. This, not surprisingly, has created considerable tension with Pakistan.

“One of the potentially catastrophic consequences of the region’s fragile water balance is the effect on political tensions,” National Geographic reported.
“The issue also threatens the fragile peace that holds between the nations of India and Pakistan, two nuclear-armed rivals.”

“In India, competition for water has a history of provoking conflict between communities. In Pakistan, water shortages have triggered food and energy crises that ignited riots and protests in some cities. Most troubling, Islamabad’s diversions of water to upstream communities with ties to the government are inflaming sectarian loyalties and stoking unrest in the lower downstream region of Sindh.

“But the issue also threatens the fragile peace that holds between the nations of India and Pakistan, two nuclear-armed rivals. Water has long been seen as a core strategic interest in the dispute over the Kashmir region, home to the Indus’ headwaters,” it wrote. “Dwindling river flows will be harder to share as the populations in both countries grow and the per-capita water supply plummets.”

A bit of context is necessary here to understand how severe a problem this is right now for Pakistan—and how it can become catastrophic in the near future.

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change—a definitive report on the causes and impacts of climate change globally compiled by thousands of scientists every four years—has signaled for nearly a decade now that dry regions of the world in the sub-tropics will continue to see less and less rainfall. Some of this is already occurring.

The Horn of Africa (which includes Somalia, Yemen, and Kenya) falls squarely in the sub-tropics where decreased rainfall has a severe impact on already dry regions. India and Pakistan do as well. The overall effect of climate change is an intensification of the water cycle that causes more extreme floods and droughts globally. The sub-tropical regions of the world are ground zero for these impacts.

An IPCC special report on climate change adaptation says that at least a billion people in sub-tropical regions of the world like Pakistan, India, Indonesia, Philippines, Yemen, Ghana, Saudi Arabia and Somalia will face increasing water scarcity.

These sub-tropical regions will suffer badly from reduced rainfall and increased evaporation, the IPCC concluded. As we’ve seen in Somalia, these impacts on top of shortsighted industrial agricultural practices and deforestation are even now creating horrific humanitarian challenges.

That’s the backdrop for the growing conflict between Pakistan and India over freshwater and the Indus River. Nearly all of agriculture in Pakistan relies on the Indus.

So do Pakistani households and industries. If India continues to create large-scale diversions of water that flow into the Indus, the potential for conflict between India and Pakistan will become very real. Verbal jousting will turn into water riots or even armed conflict.

Glacier melting is responsible for roughly half of the water flowing in the Indus, making the situation worse. The health of the Himalayas in the face of the Earth’s changing climate is a real, and growing, concern.

“Given the rapid melting of the Himalayan glaciers that feed the Indus River… and growing tensions with upriver archenemy India about use of the river’s tributaries, it’s unlikely that Pakistani food production will long keep pace with the growing population,” Steven Solomon wrote in The New York Times.

The potential for conflict—including military conflict—between India and Pakistan over the Indus River.

“By 2025, two-thirds of the world will live in water-stressed areas. One billion will face outright water scarcity,” the Pulitzer Center reported on a briefing from then-Undersecretary of State Mario Otero. “As rising populations face dwindling resources, the probability of conflict will increase.”

In her briefing, Otero also stressed the growing challenge from global warming on countries like Pakistan and India in sub-tropical regions. Changes in weather patterns will cause some regions to see intensified drought while leaving others drenched in rain.

“By 2025, two-thirds of the world will live in water-stressed areas. One billion will face outright water scarcity.”

Beyond the conflict with India, Pakistan has an enormous infrastructure problem on its hands. The country has the world’s largest continuous irrigation system, and it is littered with all kinds of problems along its route that have been left unattended for far too long.

“To some extent, these deficiencies have been masked since the 1970s by farmers drilling hundreds of thousands of little tube wells, which now provide half of the country’s irrigation,” writes water expert Solomon.

“But in many of these places the groundwater is running dry and becoming too salty for use. The result is an agricultural crisis of wasted water, inefficient production and incipient crop shortfalls.”

Just as we’ve seen in Yemen—where water riots ripped the country apart and led to a civil war that has destabilized the country in the midst of political chaos—wealthy, politically connected landowners in Pakistan have also been accused of siphoning off far more than their fair share of freshwater in upriver Punjab. There have been water riots over lack of water and electricity in Karachi.

“The future looks grim,” Solomon concludes. “Eventually, flows of the Indus are expected to decrease as global warming causes the Himalayan glaciers to retreat, while monsoons will get more intense. Terrifyingly, Pakistan only has the capacity to hold a 30-day reserve storage of water as a buffer against drought.”

Moves by India have aggravated an already tense situation. The Indus Waters Treaty between India and Pakistan was hammered out in 1960 to share the Indus River. The treaty is designed to make sure that volumes of freshwater downstream aren’t diminished by industrial uses or dams upstream.

When India built a series of hydro-power dams where the tributaries feeding the Indus emerge from the Himalayas, it didn’t technically violate the treaty. But experts believe that India’s efforts to dam up the Indus could ultimately destroy Pakistan’s ability to feed its population.

Let’s look at ZharBiz WaterMicronWorld Water Technology!

Atmospheric Water Generators are Ecologically Friendly.

ZharBiz WaterMicronWorld is the leader in the manufacture, marketing and distribution of highly advanced atmospheric water generators that extract the moisture from the air and converts it into clean, pure drinking water. Water, essential for all aspects of life, is the world's most valuable commodity and is becoming increasingly scarce. 

The population of the world continues to increase, yet the clean and drinkable water supply continues to decrease. Throughout history humans have always looked down while looking for a source for their water needs. They have always extracted from holes in the ground, wells, ponds, lakes, rivers and aquifers. All of these sources have one thing in common, which is that we are taking water out faster than nature can replace it. 

The solution is to extract water from a new source, one that is plentiful, renewable and accessible to most people around the world.

ZharBiz WaterMicronWorld is committed to provide pure drinking water around the world to all those people that need it most and to provide critical emergency pure drinking water to first responders, relief agencies and government institutions. 

At ZharBiz WaterMicronWorld, we bring an ecologically friendly and new source of pure drinking water to industry, businesses and home users alike. We provide truly affordable, state-of-the-art technology that is easy to operate and maintain. Our technology taps into a water source that does not place more demands on Mother Earth--Pure water from the air we breathe!

Our home/office atmospheric water generator machine is a humidity and temperature driven self-contained unit making water from air.

The AWG-88HK unit generates up to 30 liters of pure drinking water per day depending on the specific atmospheric conditions of a particular geographic region. AWG-88HK simply replaces the need to rely on municipal water systems, transport, storage and consumption of bottled water. 

This machine can reliably manufacture pure fresh drinking water in environmental humidity levels as low as 25%. AWG-88HK is the solution for a growing demand to supply safe and pure drinking water worldwide. 

ZharBiz WaterMicronWorld Atmospheric Water Generators, AWG-C Series units can generate Pure Drinking Water from 30, 60, 100 , 200, 250, 500, 1,000, 1200, 1500, 3000, 5000 liters of pure drinking water per day. Our unique compact systems are ideal for Hotels, Schools, Office buildings, Housing developments, Hospitals, Marine and small Municipal applications.

For More Information, go to our Website.

www.watermicronworldwaterfromair.wordpress.com

ZharBiz WaterMicronWorld is the leader in the manufacture, marketing and distribution of highly advanced atmospheric water generators that extract the moisture from the air and converts it into clean, pure drinking water. Water, essential for all aspects of life, is the world's most valuable commodity and is becoming increasingly scarce.

The population of the world continues to increase, yet the clean and drinkable water supply continues to decrease. Throughout history humans have always looked down while looking for a source for their water needs.

They have always extracted from holes in the ground, wells, ponds, lakes, rivers and aquifers. All of these sources have one thing in common, which is that we are taking water out faster than nature can replace it.

The solution is to extract water from a new source, one that is plentiful, renewable and accessible to most people around the world.

ZharBiz WaterMicronWorld is committed to provide pure drinking water around the world to all those people that need it most and to provide critical emergency pure drinking water to first responders, relief agencies and government institutions.

We bring an ecologically friendly and new source of pure drinking water to industry, businesses and home users alike. We provide truly affordable, state-of-the-art technology that is easy to operate and maintain. Our technology taps into a water source that does not place more demands on Mother Earth--Pure water from the air we breathe!

Office:
15K Cyber One Office Bldg., Eastwood Ave., Bagumbayan
Quezon City, Metro Manila, Philippines 1110
Contact:+63026338536

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